The ability to plan the text - a basic skill is notonly speakers but also for authors of scientific or course work, as it is needed solely to reading could create an idea of the work itself.
However, for different purposes, the embodiments of this brief paraphrase may differ significantly from each other.
Plan for the speaker of the text should contain no more thanWhat are the main theses. The worst thing that can make the speaker on the stage - to focus on a piece of paper and read the text only with him. To avoid this, with a not taken the full text of the work, but only the approximate its plan. It is important to reflect all of the main themes is so clear, so as not to forget to mention them - may cause some suggestions verbatim. However, it is not necessary to make explanations to specific items, as this will allow you to say "in your own words," there is always more pleasant to the listener.
A formal plan is the text into paragraphs. This format of the work is often practiced as the first stage of the analysis in schools and universities, and means "a brief retelling." You should reduce the content of each paragraph to one or two sentences and introduce individual items. If a paragraph is big enough, you can divide it into two or even three, and to submit to the terms of several individual numbers. If to you the text of a large volume (it takes more than seven pages), on the contrary, it is possible to reduce the final plan, connecting passages. The main criterion is that you should not miss one essential idea of the text author.
The plan of scientific work is also called "thesis". It - excerpts from the text of your work, but not numbered and are not discrete: you need to make solid text of this volume (usually half an A4 page). Ask whether the Commission or submitted abstracts will be printed in the book. In the first case is admissible statement of phrase: "The answer to this question is the goal of the work", ie you give the committee a complete picture of your project, but do not tell the final conclusions, keeping the "intrigue". On the other hand, if the abstracts will be printed, then this can not be done in any case. They should be of a one-piece distillation of your work - the relevance, reasoning, interim and final conclusions.