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WHY heart attack occurs

Why there is a heart attack

Heart rupture occurs in patients with myocardialinfarction, complicated with early post-infarction angina, excessive activity in the first week after a heart attack, as well as in patients who later appointed thrombolytic agents.

cardiac rupture can occur in patients receiving hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs after a heart attack.


Heart rupture is a severe and fatalcomplication of myocardial infarction. It occurs in 2-8% of cases reported in patients with myocardial infarction. A heart more prone to persons who have suffered a myocardial infarction for the first time, than those who have been diagnosed with it 2 or more times.
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Causes

; Myocardial infarction may occur due tocurrent violations in the coronary arteries, atherosclerosis, hypertension, obesity, smoking and sedentary lifestyles. At the same time the risk of getting a heart attack is increased by several times in women, patients with transmural myocardial infarction - as deeply and broadly impressed by the heart muscle, as well as in patients not previously faced with angina, and those who failed to provide medical care in the first day from early myocardial infarction.
; Can be called Because other causes heart failurelater use thrombolytic agents - drugs that can dissolve the clot, which caused a heart attack. In the context of the early use of thrombolytics and successful recovery rate of myocardial breaks can reduce coronary blood flow and prevent irreversible consequences. If the patient exhibits excessive physical activity during the first week of heart attack, it can lead to an increase in load on the diseased heart and as a consequence, break. And it is enough just a little walk down the street, go up to his apartment on foot, instead of the elevator, and the like.
; If the patient is diagnosed after myocardialearly post-infarction angina, it also increases the risk of heart attack. Do not stand the heart can and those who take hormone and anti-inflammatory drugs, because these drugs are not allowed to form connective tissue - scar in the damaged area of ​​the heart. As a result, the affected portion of the myocardium is vulnerable to rupture.
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Treatment

; Heart rupture treated exclusivelysurgically. In some cases the patient manages to save by closing the ventricular septal defect, plastics or mitral valve replacement. If you are talking about moderate decompensation, the disease can be managed with the help of cardiac glycosides and diuretics. When this condition is complicated by severe hypotension, peripheral vasodilators assigned therapy, reinforced powerful inotropic agent - dopamine.

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