Anemia is characterized by a low blood hemoglobin or red blood cells.
This condition may be due to including a lack of folic acid, which refers to vitamins, stimulates erythropoiesis - the maturation of red blood cells.
Natural sources of folic acid for humans
Folic acid or vitamin B9, capablesynthesize healthy intestinal microflora. Much of the vitamin comes also with food. Natural sources of folic acid are leafy vegetables (spinach, asparagus, lettuce), beans, brewer's yeast, liver, cheese, egg yolk.
Stocks of folic acid are deposited in the liver, red blood cells and white blood cells.
Which leads to folate deficiency
Lack of vitamin B9 may be caused bysubstandard and malnutrition, intestinal diseases interfere with the absorption of folacin, use of drugs and alcohol. Increased need for folic acid occurs in pregnant women, newborns and young children. Experts usually recommend to start taking folic acid at the stage of planning of pregnancy.
Folic acid during pregnancy is not only important for the normal development of the fetus, but also for the well-being of the future mother.
What is the role folic acid in the body
Vitamin B9 plays an important role in metabolism. Folic acid is needed for the synthesis of a number of amino acids, RNA and DNA, thereby processes of division, cell growth and development. Without folic acid, it is impossible to process the flow of blood formation - the formation of blood cells (red cells, white cells, platelets). Therefore, a lack of vitamin can cause anemia - in a simple way, "anemia".
What is dangerous deficiency of folic acid
In pregnant women, vitamin B9 deficiency increasesthe risk of miscarriage, placental abruption, congenital fetal malformations, including neural tube defects, cerebral hernia, hydrocephalus, and others. In terms of being pregnant itself increases the likelihood of anemia, toxicosis, depression, pain in the legs. In infants with folic acid shortage may occur, in addition to anemia, underweight, psychomotor retardation, depression of bone marrow function, the violation of maturation gastrointestinal mucosa and skin.
In adults, vitamin deficiencies of folic acidmanifest neuritis and polyneuritis, memory disorders, depressive disorders. Severe vitamin A deficiency can lead to serious neuropsychic deviations, violations of the emotional sphere, dementia. The daily requirement for folate for adults is 200-400 mcg.