Atlantis - the legendary country, praised by Plato, dominates the minds of historians and ordinary people for more than two and a half thousand years.
Destruction of Atlantis has generated fear among the various peoples to the irresistible power of the elements and become the foundation for a variety of disparate stories that have come down to modern times in the form of myths, legends and stories.
Researchers sure of the authenticity of the informationPlato's dialogues, said the destruction of the island occurred in the period from 9593 by 9583 BC At this date, indicate some of the data in the dialogues "Timaeus" and "Critias." Crete - a statesman who lived in the second half of the V century BC, Plato told a story read to them in the records of his grandfather, Solon, which he led from the words of the Egyptian priest in 593-583 BC According to Critias Atlantis was destroyed exactly 9000 years before these records, so it turns out that since the death of the island was about 11560 years. Author Atlantis possessed immediately after Hercules, or Heracles pillars, ie in the Atlantic Ocean for the rocks flanking the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. And while some are placed Atlantis in the Black Sea, in the Andes and even in the Caribbean Sea, is the most accurate coordinates and date available to historians disposal.
The death of the legendary State
According to the works of Plato, Atlantisbelonged to the lord of the seas Poseidon, he gave it to the management to his sons by a mortal woman. The state grew and prospered, it was unthinkable rich, had a great influence on the neighboring countries and led a lively trade with them. But over time, the inhabitants of "corrupt" and the ancient gods decided to punish them. Description of the destruction of Atlantis in Plato comes down to two main factors - the earthquake and subsequent tsunami. First, the ground started to shake, cracks appeared in the ground, a few hours killed many people, and then began to flood the island plunged to the bottom.
Skeptics argue that Solon mixed Egyptian hieroglyphs indicating the hundreds and thousands and recorded 9000 instead of 900 years.
Versions of the destruction of Atlantis
One of the major versions of the destruction of Atlantisconsidered the eruption of an underwater volcano, which gave birth to the earthquake and tsunami. No less popular is the version of the continent's deaths resulting from the shift of tectonic plates. Incidentally, in this version Atlantis called antipode UK i.e. on one side of the scale sinking of Atlantis, on the other - simultaneously England rose. The reason for this shift, according to various researchers, could serve as the fall of a large asteroid in the Bermuda Triangle or the coast of Japan, the seizure of the Earth its current satellite - the Moon, the change of the geographic poles as a result of the periodic "castling". This is indicated by the words of the ancient texts that "Earth has once again refreshed" or "reborn", ie the ancient peoples had knowledge that such processes are natural and periodic.
In different parts of the world picture could cataclysmdiffer materially. In some places could be seen pieces of the cosmic body of the incident and the consequences of failure, in other - only the roar and huge waves.
The myths and legends of different people theresupplemented version of the death of civilizations that existed before the first Egyptian pharaohs. For example, in the book "Chilam Balam" is described by the fall of a celestial body that followed the earthquake and flood, "was a rain of fire", "the sky fell the great serpent", "and fell to his bones ground and leather", " and then flooded the terrible waves. " Other legends say that the "sky was falling" and in a short time several times a day gave way to night.
Modern researchers Atlantis problemsThey argue that such a disaster could happen again. Melting glaciers in recent decades occur more intensively, it can lead to global desalination of ocean water, the disappearance of the warm Gulf Stream and the raising of the water level of a few tens of meters. As a result, most of the coastal areas will be flooded, and many lands will repeat the fate of the legendary Atlantis.