The coat of arms, flag and anthem - the three main characters of the state.
Russian coat of arms - two-headed eagle - easily recognizable and known so widely that people often do not even think why a bird in the picture two heads instead of one.
History of the Russian coat of arms
The eagle did not immediately become a symbol of Russia. First, on the country's coat of arms depicts a menacing lion was tearing the snake, and later in his place appeared a horseman, symbolizing the emperor. The double-headed eagle became a symbol of Russia in the XV century. This is due to the marriage of Ivan III to Sophia, the Byzantine princess. Russian ruler wanted to emphasize the connection with his wife's family, and at the same time to achieve improvement of its authority in the world and particularly in Europe, so he decided to take a generic gerb- double-headed eagle. First, the symbol began to appear on the seal of Ivan III, but later became a recognizable symbol of the country. However, although this image was widespread and was associated with the royal power, it officially became the emblem only under Ivan the Terrible.
Of course, in the XV century Russian coat of arms did not look,like now. Many rulers supplemented it with new features or change certain elements. Ivan the Terrible added to the image of the bird crown with a cross to emphasize the royal power. Later, instead of one of the crown began to depict three. Moreover, breast bird appeared the image of St. George. Also, over time, the eagle became pririsovyvat languages, which meant independence, strength of Russia, its willingness to stand up for themselves and defeat any enemy.
"Robbed" With the onset of the Time of Troubles in Eagleall signs of power. However, when the difficult years passed, coat regained symbols of greatness: he began to supplement the scepter and orb. Catherine I dyed image in black, and Peter I supplemented it with the imperial crown and the Order of St. Andrew. Later rulers have made other changes, however, the basis for the modern Russian coat of arms taken that variant of the two-headed eagle, which was adopted under Peter I.
The symbolism of the eagle
There are several explanations for the strange shape of an eagle, chosen for the Russian coat of arms. It is worth mentioning the two most important: the religious and the political.
Double-headed eagle symbol of the god in Sharurancient Sumeria. In India, this bird was named Gandaberunda and also had a divine origin. In both cases divine creation have tremendous strength and symbolize the supreme power. It is a very ancient image - one of the many duplicated characters like two-faced Janus.
With regard to the political version, it is simple: long eagle meant the heart of Russia, and his head, looking to the east and west at the same time symbolized the vastness of the country and its special geographical position.