Monaco is a tiny European principality, it is known for its economic stability, amazing beauty of the azure coasts, and also the strange name of the inhabitants - Monegasque.
To find out why the citizens of Monaco are so called, one has to turn to history.
Who are the Monegasques?
In reality, Monegasks are notAll inhabitants of Monaco. This is a special people, true, if I may say so, citizens of this country. According to the 2008 census, in Monaco there are about 7634 people from the Monegasque tribe, which is about 20% of the total population of the country. The rest of the population are French, Italians, Spaniards.
The language of the Monegasques is also special. It is a dialect of the Ligurian language, which, although close to the dialect of the Genoese, was nevertheless influenced by the Nice dialect of the Occitan language spoken by some residents of Monaco.
History of Monegasques
According to historical data, on the territory ofThe non-existent principality of Monaco was first settled by the Phoenicians. This happened around the 10th century BC. Then the Greeks came here, professing a special religious cult. They worshiped the god of fertility and male power, which, according to the legend, was called Mono Okos. It was from this word that the name of the tribe was subsequently formed.
In Monaco is the famous ocean museum, founded by Prince Albert the First. It was from here that Cousteau began his great expedition.
There are legends that the tribe neighboring with the Monegasque worshiped the power of female fertility - the great mother goddess. This disagreement often led to fighting clashes.
Later, the Italians from Liguria, mingling withMonegasques, gave them their own language. Over time, the national identity of the Monegasques was formed, their special traditions. The dialect of the Monegasques changed somewhat under the influence of the nearest neighbors, but then it finally settled. Many Monegasques prefer to speak in their own language.
Traditions and privileges of Monegasques
Today, the patron of the Monegasque tribe isHoly Devot, and therefore sacred to the inhabitants of the Principality is a white color, symbolizing purity and nobility, like a holy shroud. White clothes are mostly men. Red is another important color, signifying the blood of a martyr. But black is considered a sign of intuition and wisdom, it is considered a feminine color in the principality.
It is believed that the name Monaco came from the word "monk", which in Italian is pronounced monaco.
In Monaco, the Monegasques, as ancestral subjects, haveA number of privileges. For example, only they can choose the parliament. Also, the Monegasks are exempt from taxes. They also have other benefits. If you were not born a Monegasque, then it is impossible for them to become. Even if you marry with a representative of this nationality, in the event of a divorce, the "non-indigenous" partner immediately automatically loses all the Monegasque privileges.