In May 1945, after the end of World War II, Germany has ceased to be a single state.
Countries participating in the anti-Hitler coalition, decided to divide the country into zones of occupation.
Subsequently, in the territory inhabited by Germans, two independent states were created - the FRG and the GDR.
The occupation of Germany
At the end of May 1945 the territory of the formerNazi Germany was divided into several parts. From Empire departed Austria. Alsace and Lorraine returned under the protection of France. Czechoslovakia won back the Sudetenland. Statehood was restored in Luxembourg.
Part of the territory of Poland, annexed by the Germans in 1939, returned to its composition. The eastern part of Prussia divided between the USSR and Poland.
The rest of Germany was dividedAllies into four zones of occupation, which was administered by the Soviet, British, American and French military authorities. Countries that participated in the occupation of German lands, agreed to conduct coordinated policy, the basic principles of which were denazification and demilitarization of the former German Empire.
A few years later, in 1949, in the territoryAmerican, British and French zones of occupation was proclaimed German - Federal Republic of Germany, whose capital was Bonn. Western politicians thus planned to create in this part of the German state, based on a capitalist model which could be a springboard for a possible war with the communist regime.
The Americans have provided considerable assistance to the newGerman bourgeois state. With this support, Germany quickly began to transform into an economically developed state. In the 50s, even talked about the "German economic miracle".
The country is in need of cheap labor, which has become the main source of Turkey.
How did the German Democratic Republic
In response to the creation of the FRG was the proclamationanother constitution of the German Republic - GDR. This happened in October 1949, five months after the formation of the FRG. In this way, the Soviet government decided to confront the aggressive intentions of the former allies and to create in Western Europe a kind of bastion of socialism.
The Constitution of the German Democratic Republicproclaimed its citizens democratic freedoms. This document has also secured the leading role of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany. For a long time the Soviet Union to assist the Government of the GDR political and economic assistance.
However, the pace of industrial growth in the GDR,embarked on the socialist path of development, significantly lagged behind its western neighbor. But this did not prevent East Germany to become a developed industrial country, which is also intensively developing agriculture. After a series of violent democratic change in the GDR, the unity of the German nation was restored, on 3 October 1990 West and East Germany became a unified state.