The historical development of France is interesting with its turbulent past.
The struggle of the people for their rights led to constant revolutions and frequent changes of government.
As a result, France can boast that its history goes back only five republics.
The end of the 18th century was the turning point for Francein the history. The French Revolution, which began with the taking of the Bastille in 1789, laid the foundation to the Republican national development.
The revolution itself occurred because of the unstablemonarchy, which was built on a series of compromises between the government and private estates. Interests of the bourgeoisie and the privileged groups guarded state, and peasant labor over-exploited. As a result, this has led to the fact that France began to lag behind in the development of other countries. Intellectuals could not help noticing: in society rumors, trust in government was lost.
Ongoing reforms led by Louis XVIthe centuries-old system to crash. The revolution and the future of the republic acted under the slogan: "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity", which is clearly demonstrated how people managed to suffer much during the monarchy.
Republic of France
The first French Republic was proclaimedduring the Revolution and officially lasted 12 years from 1792 until the coming to power of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this time, it was decided three constitutions, which changed the name of order and government, but confirmed the decision Decree of the National Convention of the unitary state.
Since 1804, when Napoleon proclaimed himselfEmperor, the republican regime quickly turned into an authoritarian. And only in 1848 France was able to briefly return to the republican form of government. The period from 1848 to 1852 is called the "Second Republic" of France, whose president was Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, who eventually also acted as his uncle, Napoleon I, proclaiming himself emperor.
was successful previous "Third Republic" andIt lasted 70 years, since 1870. Constitution, which were adopted during this period, occupied an intermediate state between a monarchy and a republic, yet it is in these years, France has allied Entente.
"Fourth Republic" developed after the Second World War in 1946. The constitution of this republic was characterized by already well formed and weak parliamentary system the president authority.
Fifth Republic of France
Since 1958 and until today in France during the "fifthrepublic. " From its predecessors the new constitution differs considerably. Now the president has extensive powers (has the right to dissolve parliament) and is elected for five years by popular vote.
The cause of the "Fifth Republic" wascrisis in Algeria. France '24 could not cope with the situation, since the national uprising joined state army. As a result, the Algerian crisis has led to the present system in France.