Flower growers who grow ficuses, sometimes face such a problem as yellowing and falling leaves from their pets.
Before embarking on reanimation of the plant, it is necessary to find out the cause of this phenomenon.
The leaves of the ficus may fall in autumn and winter - this is a natural process, the number of fallen leaves is usually 10-20% of the total green mass. In a healthy plant, only the lower leaves fall off.
Changing the usual conditions
Ficus starts to discard leaves due to sudden temperature changes, decreasing light, transferring from a warm room to a cooler one.
Since ficuses do not like changes, it is advisable to immediately choose for him a certain place and in the future not to disturb the plant.
Air temperature and lighting
To prevent disease of ficuses, they are notShould be placed on marble and tile floors and cold window sills, as the roots of these plants react painfully to the cold. In the winter, make sure that your pet does not come into contact with the window glass.
The best temperature for the Benjamin ficus -This is 18-25 ° C, for variegated individuals more warm conditions are required. If the temperature is too high, the plant begins to suffer, leaves begin to fade.
Since ficus loves light, one should not keep itIn a shaded place, but also under direct sunlight plants can not be planted. It is best for your green friend to fit a spacious bright room without drafts.
Yellow and fall off the leaves of the ficus can because of improper irrigation. With excessive moistening, the roots of the plant begin to rot, which leads first to its disease, and then to death.
If your plant has suffered from waterlogging,Allow the soil to dry for one and a half to two weeks. During this time, the state of the ficus should be normalized. If it does not get better, you need to transplant the flower into another soil, removing the rotted roots before it and placing the root system in a container with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Pests and diseases
Fall leaves from ficuses can be due to fungalDiseases, as well as pests - ticks, thrips, scabs, aphids and mealybugs. Carefully inspect your green friend, if you find a cobweb on it, damage and insects themselves, urgently treat the plant with special preparations.
Lack of iron
Young leaves often begin to turn yellow due to a lack of iron in the soil. In such cases, the plant should be fed with ferrovite or an iron chelate.
Ficus should be fed during the period of growth, that is, from March to September. The day before the procedure, the plant needs to be watered so that the fertilizer does not burn the root system.