Easter - the main Christian festival, which annually are millions of believers not only in Russia but also worldwide.
This word in the Greek means "deliverance" and is always reminded that Christ is risen, moving all the suffering of mankind.
Typically, Easter is celebrated in spring in one Sunday. Why does every year this great holiday can be celebrated at different times?
Jewish and Christian Easter
Originally, the Christian Easter celebration was closely linked with the date of the Jewish Passover celebration. She noted not on the solar calendar, and the lunar Jewish.
The essence of the Passover is that itdedicated to the miraculous liberation of Jews from Egyptian slavery shackles. This event took place to be in the middle of the 13th century BC It is described in the second book of the Bible - Exodus.
The book says that the Lord has warnedIsraelis of the impending salvation and told them that the next night in each Egyptian family lost firstborn, since only such a car will cause the Egyptians to free the Jews from slavery. And to this penalty did not affect the Jews themselves, it was necessary to the doors of their homes to spread the blood of a lamb slaughtered on the eve of (the lamb). His blood will save the Jewish firstborn from death and set them free from slavery. And so it happened. Since Passover is celebrated every year, and in memory of this event stabs Passover lamb.
This lamb is a type of Jesus Christ,which was the Savior of the world, crucified on the cross for the sins of mankind. The Gospel says: "Christ - the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world, His precious blood shed on Calvary cleanses us from all sin. And his crucifixion on the day of Passover is no accident. "
It happened on the day of the full moon after the vernalEquinox, 14th of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar. And Jesus was resurrected on the third day after the crucifixion, which we call the resurrection. That is why the celebration of the date of the Jewish and Christian Easter so interconnected.
The first three centuries of Christian historythere were just two dates of Easter. Some celebrated its 14th Nisan, together with the Jews - as a symbol of remembrance of Christ's crucifixion and his death, while others, which turned out to be the majority - on the first Sunday after the 14th of Nisan, as a symbol of Christ's resurrection from the dead.
The final decision about the date of Easter celebrationsIt was adopted in the year 325 at the first Ecumenical Council. It was decided: "... celebrate the Passover, when the Jewish Easter, the first Sunday of the full moon, which will be on the day of the vernal equinox or immediately after thereof, but no earlier than the vernal equinox."
Julian and Gregorian calendar
Thus, since 325 years, Christians around the world began to celebrate Easter and other Christian holidays on the same day.
However, after the East-West Schism in 1054year there was a so-called Roman Catholic Church. First holiday calendar remained single, but then in 1582 Pope Gregory the 13th introduced the Gregorian calendar, and thus the new era. This calendar was considered more accurate in terms of astronomy, because now it is accepted in most countries.
A Russian Orthodox Church to this dayHe uses the old Julian calendar (which is more popularly known as Orthodox), as Jesus Christ lived in the days when the Julian calendar was acting.
Based on this calendar, Easter, described inGospels in chronological order comes immediately after the Jewish Passover. In the Gregorian calendar, it is believed that the Catholic Easter is not only different from the Jewish, but also to be some time before it.
Thus, sometimes the Orthodox Easter coincides with the Catholic Church, and it is sometimes quite a large discrepancy in numbers.
It should also be noted that the GregorianCalendar will certainly be more precise, however, it has been for centuries the Holy Fire descends in Bethlehem was on Easter according to the Julian (Orthodox) calendar.