Few celebrates its day of birth twice a year in the world. Typically, the second such festival is associated with any spiritual experience, important for marking, or the fact that someone was able to escape death.
But no such explanations are irrelevant to the birthday of the British Queen, which also celebrated twice.
Who invented it?
Elizabeth II was not the first English monarch,marking his birthday twice. This custom has introduced Edward VII, her great-grandfather. The decision was not dictated by the vanity of the monarch as it may seem at first glance, and concern for his subjects. The fact that the day of the birth of King (or Queen, as in the case of Elizabeth II) in the UK and some Commonwealth countries - the official state holiday, which is celebrated in a big way. For the first time the status of the state celebrations gave his birth day of George II in 1748 and since then this day filed the Crown participate in various parades, festivities, watch the festive ceremonial processions.
Edward VII was born Nov. 9, the weather on this dayEngland can not be called solar or affectionate, often cold and rainy. Seven years Paulsen his coronation Britain mokla and frozen in such a solemn day, the IOC and the freezing and the monarch himself, taking part in all the celebrations. In the eighth year of Edward I issued a decree according to which the official birthday of the King will now only deal in the summer, in the first, second or third Saturday of June. Born June 3 George V did not change anything, Edward VIII reigned for less than a month, and it was clearly not up to the birthday, his successor, George VII of, born in December, also organized summer celebrations and to Queen Elizabeth II reign, the official Day of the monarch's birthday became clothed years tradition.
In London, in this day galaparade - Trooping the Colour, broadcast live throughout the kingdom. The monarch and his family ride in an open carriage from Buckingham Palace down the Mall to Horse Guards building, which overlooks the square Platz Horse Gards. From the windows of the first floor queen takes Guards Parade, and then again on the Mall it with his entourage returned to Buckingham Palace. On her arrival at first volley salute 41 gun in Green Park and then 63 guns in the Tower. The final chord of the holiday - the Queen on the balcony of the palace takes flypast RAF.
Personal same birthday, which falls on 21April Queen meets modestly among family and close friends, within the walls of Windsor Castle. Exceptions were only the ceremony to mark its first to 80 and then 85 birthday. Queen fans hope that the Queen and celebrate 90 birthday, in 2016.
And it is not twice
In fact, Queen's Birthday is celebratednot twice. As in many countries of the former British colonies, and then countries of the Commonwealth, the English monarch feel very warm feelings, some states left the tradition of celebrating the Day of the Queen's birthday, but convenient for them today. Most of Australia's "celebrating" it on the first Monday of June, with the exception of some western states who have decided to do it on the last Monday in September or the first of October. On the first Monday in June festival takes place in New Zealand. Canada celebrates Queen's Birthday Monday closest to May 24, combining the holiday in honor of the British Queen Victoria. On the third Monday in April this holiday falls on the islands of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da kun. In general, the day the British monarch's birthday is celebrated three times, and even four times a year. No wonder that one day even the US State Department officials are confused and congratulated the Queen a week earlier (12 instead of June 19, 2010).
It is noteworthy that the inhabitants of those countries whosethe government decided to abandon the holiday, did not welcome this turn of events. Since Bermuda is still written petition to the government, demanding the return of the canceled 2009 festival. The New Zealand Government is planning to avoid the discontent by entering the same day another national holiday, the Day of Hillary in honor of the first man to conquer Everest.