Today it is common to strive to become a leader. But if there are leaders in the society, there must be outsiders, such is the law of the social group.
Who is in this role more often and for what reasons - to understand quite simply.
It is more difficult to understand what to do in order not to become an outsider.
Outsider is usually called someone who does notIs able to succeed, a man who is forever worse than others. But it is not so. Outsider - rather a social role, which, under a certain set of circumstances, can take almost anyone, regardless of his personal qualities.
Outsider as a social role
The study of the psychology of small social groups, toWhich can be attributed to both the school class and the workforce, made it possible to identify patterns in the distribution of roles within each such social group. In order for the group to maintain a social balance, all social niches must be filled. If any of the niches is released, the team strives to fill it, "putting forward" for the vacant social role of one of the members of the group.
And, sometimes regardless of the numberMembers of the team, some social niches can be filled only by one person, for example, the role of an informal leader or a full-time jester. Other niches can accommodate several people. When conducting sociometric studies by psychologists, it was revealed that a niche of an outsider, or an outcast, can be employed by a team of no more than two or three members of the group.
But at least one outsider in any socialGroup will definitely be. This role is necessary to ensure that the rest of the group feel "on top". Comparing themselves with an outsider, they maintain their own self-esteem at the proper level. This happens regardless of how bad or good is the outsider or the rest of the group - these are social laws.
Who is "chosen" as an outsider
It is easy to understand that the role of an outsider in the teamUsually a person is selected who has the most pronounced negative features that are not welcomed in a particular team. In the school class, the role of outsiders is most often children with pronounced physical disabilities, lagging behind in studies, etc. In an adult team, it can be an employee who has the smallest set of business qualities necessary for work, but this does not always happen. It may well turn out that the personality traits that allowed a person to "occupy a niche" of an outsider in one collective, in another will prove quite acceptable.
It is believed that it is easier to become an outsiderMember of the team, but it's not. The newcomer should have the same negative qualities as the outsider already available in the group, but expressed in a much greater degree.
How to stop being an outsider
Taking this social niche, to get out of itExtremely difficult. It is practically useless to appeal to the morals and philanthropy of the members of the collective: an outsider is necessary for a social group, and the collective can consciously "let go" a person from this role only if there is purposeful psychological work aimed at reorienting the socially-advantaged members of the group to other, more acceptable mechanisms of self-affirmation. Such work can and should be done in such a small social group as the family. In a work collective or a school class, this is extremely difficult.
In order not to become an outsider, a person needs toThe very first days of joining a new collective to show those qualities that its members can positively assess. The better it will turn out, the less likely that a person will be "elected" for the role of an outsider.
If this happens, the person remains eitherWait for a new member of the team to be able to occupy this social niche instead of him (which is very rare), or to leave this group and try to take on a more prosperous social role in the new team.