Sentimentalism - is one of the literary trends of the late 18th-early 19th century.
The founders of this trend has been several authors who brought the theory of its features in sentimentalism.
Unlike traditional workswriters-realists, impartially describing events sentimentalism pay particular attention to feelings - as heroes, and the author himself. This trend originated in England in the early 18th century. It can be considered the founder of the poet James Thomson, who wrote the poem "The Seasons." It was shown to the idyllic life of the villagers in the lap of nature, their simple feelings and experiences. The baton was soon picked up by other authors - Samuel Richardson, Laurence Sterne and Thomas Gray, creating sensual novels, filled with melancholy and lyrical digressions. Thus took shape the main features of sentimentalism - subjectivity in the description of events, extensive copyright retreat, idealization of the main characters, to sharpen the focus on feelings, rather than events, the cult of morality, the predominance of feeling over reason. The Russian sentimentalism developed in the 1890s.
Unlike the Russian, European sentimentalism was inherent edifying and moralizing.
The first Russian sentimentalists
NM Karamzin sentimentalism has become a pioneer in the Russian literature. His work "Letters of a Russian Traveler" was written under the influence of sentimental novels of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Unlike traditional travel writing, in "Letters" focuses on the impressions of the hero and his sensory development. A more famous work Karamzin was "Poor Liza" has received huge popularity. In the story idealized rural life and simple villagers, and the description of a small time interval extends over dozens of pages because of the many lyrical digressions. Despite the many inconsistencies, works of Karamzin was innovative for its time and got a lot of imitations.
"Poor Liza" has become one of the first works of Russian, which ends with the death of the heroine.
The sentimental vein began to write and VA Zhukovsky. The poet was familiar with Karamzin, and from him he learned about the new literary trends. Descriptions senses captivated young Zhukovsky, and he created his first work of sentimental - "Rural Cemetery". The poem was a loose translation of the elegy English poet Thomas Gray, but here Zhukovsky showed the characteristic features of his work. The work was published in the anthology "Herald of Europe". Zhukovsky continued later printed in the publication, and in 1808 became its editor.
Other Russian writers-sentimentalists were not known, and by 1820 all the direction and exhausted itself.