If you try to describe this person in a few words, you will get a fascinating story. Very young, he became the captain of the ship, then from it turned out to be a pretty lucky sea pirate.
Then his fate directed to conquer the vast expanses of the ocean and he made a round-the-world voyage.
Having broken the invincible Spanish flotilla, he became an admiral.
This legacy was left behind by the legendary Francis Drake - an English navigator with an extremely dubious reputation.
A little boy born in a family of EnglishThe farmer of the county of Devonshire in 1540, since childhood, dreamed of fame and dangerous sea voyages. As soon as he was 13 years old, he, contrary to the will of his parents, hired a cabin boy for a sailing boat. Very soon, having shown himself from the best side, Francis Drake becomes the assistant captain. By the age of 18, having collected a small amount of capital, he buys a small longboat, intending to make money on shipping goods, but this does not bring him big profits. In those days only the slave trade and piracy gave huge profits.
In 1567, Francis Drake as the commander of a sailboat,Part of the flotilla of a distant relative, went on a journey to the shores of Africa for slaves. The next point on his map was the West Indies, where the seafarers were seized by the seizures of wealthy Spanish ships. It was there that the young Francis Drake gained vast experience in looting and attacking merchant ships. Upon his return to England, his fame spread like a capable and successful captain.
The discoverer of new lands
Already in November 1577 under the command of FrancisDrake from Plymouth came an expedition of five ships in the direction of the shores of America. The main purpose of the trip was not only piracy, but also the conquest of new territories for England. According to historians, Queen Elizabeth personally blessed this trek and gave memorable gifts to the team.
After passing the Strait of Magellan, the flotilla, ledWhich was the ship of Drake Pelican, moved south. The captain, without understanding himself, made an important discovery. During the voyage it turned out that Tierra del Fuego is a large island, beyond which lies an open ocean, and not part of the mainland. Now this strait between South America and Antarctica bears his name.
A little later Drake's flotilla passed along the coastAmerica, swimming much further than the Spaniards. In early summer, ships moored to shore to replenish water and food supplies. So the neighborhood of the modern city of San Francisco was opened and immediately declared the property of the English queen.
After returning from this campaign, Francis DrakeWaited unfading glory and knighthood. In addition, he was appointed Mayor of Plymouth and was entrusted to head the Inspectorate Commission under the Queen, who was engaged in regular inspections of ships of the British Navy. A little later, Francis Drake became an honorary member of the House of Commons.