If you try to briefly describe this person, you get a fascinating story. Very young, he became the captain of the ship bridge, and then it turned out pretty lucky sea pirate.
Then the fate sent him to conquer the vast expanses of the ocean, and he made a voyage around the world.
Breaking cleaned invincible Spanish fleet, he became an admiral.
This legacy left behind a legendary Francis Drake - English navigator with a very dubious reputation.
The little boy, born in a family of Englishfarmer county Devonshire in 1540. since childhood dreamed of fame and dangerous voyages. As soon as he turned 13, he was against the will of the parents, hire a cabin boy on a sailboat sudenyschko. Very soon, showing their best side Francis Drake gets the post mate. For 18 years, collecting a small capital, he buys a small boat, intending to make a transport of goods, but it does not bring him much income. In those days, only the slave trade and piracy give huge profits.
In 1567 Francis Drake as the commander of a sailboat,which is part of a distant relative of the fleet, he went on a trip to the coast of Africa for slaves. The next point on his map was the West Indies, where the sailors ran the jaws of the rich Spanish ships. It was there that the young Francis Drake was a great experience robberies and attacks on merchant ships. On his return to England to spread the glory of it as an capable and lucky captain.
The discoverer of new lands
Already in November 1577, under the command of FrancisDrake left Plymouth expedition of five ships toward the coast of America. The main purpose of travel was not only piracy, but also the conquest of new territories for England. According to historians, Queen Elizabeth personally blessed this campaign and gave gifts team.
Passing the Strait of Magellan, the flotilla headedwhich was Drake's ship Pelican, moved south. The captain, without realizing it, has made an important discovery. During the voyage it proved that Tierra del Fuego is the largest island, beyond which lies the open ocean, and not part of the continent. Now the strait between South America and Antarctica is named after him.
A little later the flotilla Drake passed along the coastAmerican swim much further than the Spaniards. In early summer, the ships moored to the shore to replenish water supplies and food. So were open neighborhood of the modern city of San Francisco and immediately declared the property of the Queen of England.
After returning from this campaign Francis DrakeWe are waiting unfading glory and knighthood. In addition, he was appointed mayor of Plymouth and was entrusted to head the inspector's fee when the Queen, which was engaged in regular inspections of ships of the navy of Britain. Later, Francis Drake became an honorary member of the House of Commons.