According to medieval legend, "the eternal Jew" - a Jew named Ahasuerus.
Past his home led to Calvary, Jesus Christ,who carried His Cross. Jesus asked Ahasuerus permission to lean against the wall to rest a little, but he refused it and, according to some versions, even hit.
Since then, he has been condemned to eternal wandering.
There is a version that "the eternal Jew", expellingChrist on the walls of his house, mockingly offered him a break on the way back, meaning that if he is indeed the Son of God, rise again and then be able to relax. Christ calmly replied that he would continue his way, but the Wandering Jew will ever go, and he will be no more death, nor rest.
According to legend, once in 50 years is going to AhasuerusJerusalem, hoping to beg forgiveness of the Holy Sepulchre, but when he appeared in Jerusalem begin strongest storms, and "the eternal Jew" can not carry out his design.
The appearance of the legend of Ahasuerus
History of the Wandering Jew has no relation to theThe Bible. Yes, and it appeared much later. In Western Europe, a variety of options for the legend appeared only in the 13th century, and the term "the eternal Jew" - in the 16-17 centuries. Apparently, this time the Wandering Jew has become a kind of symbol of the Jewish people, scattered across Europe, wandering and persecuted.
The image of the Wandering Jew in the world literature
The image of the Wandering Jew is constantly found inworks of world literature. On it tried to write Goethe (though his plan was never brought to life), it is mentioned in the novel Potocki's "Manuscript Found in Saragossa". Widely known adventure novel of Eugene Sue "Wandering Jew." Alexandre Dumas novel dedicated to this character, "Isaac Lakedem". Ahasuerus is mentioned in the tragedy of Karl Gutzkow "Uriel Acosta". In Russia, about Ahasuerus wrote Vasily Zhukovsky in the unfinished poem "The Wandering Jew", created under the influence of the German Romantics.
In the twentieth century, the image of the Wandering Jew turned manyworld-known writers, including Rudyard Kipling (novel "The Eternal Jew"), Guillaume Apollinaire (short story "Prague passer"), Jorge Luis Borges (short story "The Immortal"). "The Eternal Jew" appears even in the novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One Hundred Years of Solitude."
In the Russian literature of the twentieth century, there is a numbercompletely unexpected interpretations of the image of the Wandering Jew. For example, in the novel by the Strugatsky brothers "Burdened by evil, or forty years later," featured a Wandering Jew Lukic, acting under the guise of an insurance agent.
Bender's novel Ilya Ilf and YevgenyPetrov "Golden Calf" tells the story of the Wandering Jew, who wished to admire the beauty of the Dnieper, but caught and killed Petliurists. In the story, Vsevolod Ivanov's "Wandering Jew" appears a theologian from Hamburg, says that he is dreaming of fame and wealth, invented the legend of Ahasuerus, and, to his own surprise, it has become a real Ahasuerus.
Go century, "the eternal Jew" continues to wander if not in the real world, then at least in the pages of world literature.