Pontius Pilate is one of the central characters of the novel by Mikhail Bulgakov "The Master and Margarita".
His name, mentioned in the Bible, is closely related to the last days of the life of Jesus Christ.
Pilate, being a Roman governor in Judea, made a decision that became fatal in the short earthly life of a carpenter from Nazareth.
Procurator of Judea
At the beginning of the new era, the Roman authorities establishedJudea is his direct rule. The province was headed by the procurator, whom, however, it would be more correct to call the prefect. Researchers have established that the governors of Rome began to be called procurators only in the II century, and before that they were called prefects. This governor had broad powers, although he was subordinate to the proconsul of Syria. Pontius Pilate became the fifth representative of the Roman authority, who took up this post under the order of the emperor Tiberius.
The name "Pilate" is, in allVisibility, a nickname often worn by the Romans. Usually it emphasized some distinctive feature of its owner. There is a version according to which this name comes from the name of a short throwing weapon - a dart, that is, in fact, means "one who javelins." It is not entirely clear whether the procurator received this nickname for personal military merit or by inheritance.
Sources describe Pilate as cruel andAn arrogant ruler, who looked down upon the people of Judea, who was subordinate to Rome. The procurator more than once insulted the feelings of believers, with contempt and contempt for speaking about the religious views of the Jews. Pilate repeatedly used temple money for other purposes, although they were intended for the construction of a water pipe in Jerusalem. The procurator's actions more than once led to unrest among the population of Judea.
What is famous for Pontius Pilate
In history, Pontius Pilate did not enterHis success in the management of the remote province of Rome. His name is directly related to the events related to the death of Jesus Christ, a carpenter from Nazareth, whom Christians regard as a God who assumed a human face and who came to the world to save the lost humanity. It was Pilate, at the request of the Jewish high priests, made a decision that condemned Jesus to grievous torment and death on the cross.
The enemies of Jesus made a decision to deprive himLife, but under existing laws could not bring the sentence into execution, until it was approved by the Roman governor. The authors of the Gospels tell us that the high priests, after the night trial, brought Jesus to the court of Pontius Pilate and insisted that the procurator approve the death sentence by his authority. The fate of Christ was in the hands of the Roman governor.
According to legend, Pilate at first wanted to let goChrist, suspected of sowing troubles among the Jews, before he was roughly punished. But the high priests, who saw in Jesus a direct threat to their rule, insistently demanded that Pilate, endowed with all the power, sentenced the preacher to a crucifixion. After much hesitation, the Procurator changed his mind and ordered the execution of Jesus along with two robbers.