The term "hepatitis B carrier" is used inmedical literature very often, but the meaning given to it, is different. Sometimes the carrier understand a man whose markers of hepatitis B virus detected, but the disease itself does not develop, and eventually disappears pathogen from the body.
But such a prosperous carriage is quite rare.
Most chronic carrier of hepatitis is a disease with a low activity of the virus, in which no clinical symptoms.
Ways of transmission of viral hepatitis
The carrier of hepatitis B virus - a kindform of the disease characterized by asymptomatic. The outcome of the disease is highly dependent on the state of the carrier body, its resilience, the reactivity. But in any case, a full recovery and discharge from the virus without specific therapy is unlikely.
Viral hepatitis transmission mechanismexciter is divided into two large groups. The first is the disease with fecal-oral transmission - hepatitis A and E. The second group, which includes all other types of viral hepatitis, according to the pathogen by the parenteral route - through blood, sexual contact, from a sick newborn mother.
The acute phase
Acute phase of infection in some patients haspronounced clinical manifestations (jaundice). Such patients are hospitalized in the infectious diseases hospital. Others do not even notice their infection and the detection of the virus in a further matter how random.
The usual outcome of acute hepatitis BIt ends at the most recovery. However, in some patients the body can not get rid of the virus and is formed by a chronic carrier state (chronic hepatitis). Most often these chronic forms occur in mild disease. In these cases, the immune system is infected with a virus and does not notice it does not respond properly.
In patients with acute hepatitis C clinic usuallyIt is weak, dominated by mild forms of the disease. And it is easy for patients insidious: after six months from the start of infection chronic forms (of virus or chronic hepatitis) are formed in 70-80% of patients.
Formation of a chronic virus infection
The next step comes after 6 monthsSince the introduction of the virus. It received conditional term, which separates acute and chronic forms of the disease. Latent asymptomatic chronic disease begins to manifest itself in this period bland hepatitis detectable morphologically (liver biopsy), abnormal biochemical laboratory samples.
The process extends over many years, if notis released from viruses. Symptoms of the disease gradually progresses. In case of unfavorable outcome during this period can be cirrhosis, liver cancer. Occasionally spontaneously, but more often under the influence of treatment of hepatitis can "calm down" for decades to stop and disturb the patient.
Diagnosis of virus infection
As practice shows, it is very difficult to detectstart date of infection - "reference point." The exception is a person with a history of acute viral hepatitis in a hospital, or patients who are under constant laboratory control (health care workers, child care workers). Knowledge of the timing of the infection helps the physician in the diagnosis of hepatitis C, in determining the nature of the disease, prognosis, choosing appropriate treatments. Patients should assist the physician by analyzing the history of his disease, suggest the likely timing of infection.
Thus, the carrier of the virus people canbe a limited period of time - from six months to three years, during which time the virus leaves the body either, or gains in strength and multiplies, leading to inflammation of the liver - hepatitis.