The term "mercantile" has Latin roots. In ancient Rome, the word "mercante" was used to refer to merchants, merchants.
In modern Italian, this word retained the same meaning.
The French also gave the word mercantile a slightly different meaning - "mercenary", "huckster".
Mercantilism is a character, or consequence of life circumstances
In our time, a mercantile man is calledThe one that puts the considerations of benefit first, for which money is most important. In a broader sense, a mercantile man is an unprincipled, greedy, miserly.
Why does a person become mercantile, thatCan affect his character? This question is difficult to give a definite answer. A person can become mercantile, reaching thus painful stinginess, for many reasons. Classic examples - the heroes of Gogol's "Dead Souls" - Plyushkin and Chichikov. Apparently in the nature of Plyushkin initially prone to prudence, economy, since the author stressed that his hero was a thrifty owner before, and went to the dinner table in an old frock coat. However, Plyushkin was not greedy, did not reach absurdity in his thrift. The changes that turned him into a half-crazed money-grander occurred after a number of personal tragedies: the death of his wife and younger daughter, the flight of the eldest daughter who married an officer against her father's will, quarrels with her son.
From the point of view of medicine, such mercantile spirit is a mental illness called "pathological accumulation". Similar "Plyushkin" are found in our time.
As for Chichikov, he became mercantileA man, above all, under the influence of his father, who taught him not to believe his friends, but to believe a penny, appreciate and save a penny. That is, this character trait has been formed in him since childhood. And the conditions surrounding the Russian reality only contributed to its development.
Is it always bad commercialism
It is not necessary to condemn indiscriminately the mercantile people,Because mercantile can be different! For example, if it is a painstaking, thrifty attitude to money, the ability to reasonably economize, plan spending, to give up unnecessary waste, there is nothing wrong with that. On the contrary, it is useful for the budget and worthy of imitation.
This mercantile spirit helps to reasonably manage the family budget, save money for large purchases.
If the mercantile nature takes the form ofExcessive avarice, makes a person greedy and heartless, capable of dishonorable action for the sake of money, such a person unequivocally deserves condemnation. That's it with good reason can be called unscrupulous greedy skuperdyayem, which goes "on their heads."