Ballad song - it's an art, not intended originally to collect huge concert halls or stadiums, although the author's song festivals are no shortage of spectators.
Singer-songwriter does not try to learn somethinglisteners, does not try to "make" them, but lead them through their works frank conversation about eternal: love, the soul of man's place in this world.
Historical Roots of bard
Originally the word "bard" originated in Celticlanguage and is a lower rank in the priestly caste of the druids. Rank bard got a man, masterfully wielding the magic of sound, knew by heart thousands of ancient ballads and poetic traditions, singing and music able to raise the morale of the soldiers, and even heal the body and soul.
But honor and respect earned singers, composing and performing songs about heroes and gods, not only among the Celts, but also in other ancient peoples: the Greeks, the Etruscans, the ancient Slavs and Scandinavians.
The tradition to compose ballads and sagas them;accompanying himself on a musical instrument, he was still alive and in the Middle Ages. Call these singers and performers all rolled into one in different ways: trouveres, troubadours, Vagant, minstrels. But they can be called successors bardic tradition. These eternal wanderers native bards with the fact that they not only sang other people's hits at the time, but also self-composed both text and music.
In the modern sense of the bard - asinger-songwriter. There is a separate genre - the author's or bard song, and followers of the musical direction of the song today called bards.
Since 30-ies of XX century on the territory ofThe Soviet Union has developed a new direction of a song genre. The so-called urban romance, popular in the XIX century, is reincarnated in the Yard song. By the 60 th year of the image of a young man with a guitar, singing songs of his own composition often campfire or during cooking gatherings, it has become a classic attribute of the city, student and tourist romance. The most outstanding representatives of this new genre became known and even popular. Many are still on hearing the names of Alexander Galich, Yu Vizbora, E. Klyachkin, A. Yakushev.
But first Russian bards, truly earnednational fame and love, considered as bright and talented individuals as Okudzhava and Vladimir Vysotsky. They have raised the level of the author's song "apartment concerts" to significant events in the cultural life of the country. They showed that a person with no musical education, not owning a professional musical instrument, is able to find an echo in the hearts of thousands.
Perhaps the golden age for the art song inRussian steel 80 years of the last century, but today this genre has not lost their fans. Many poets go out and continue to go on stage, accompanying himself on the guitar, singing his songs. Of course, the poetic bard component more valuable and significant than music. But the rhythm of the guitar or play melodies unhurried words help to find a way to the hearts and souls of the listeners.