The Bardovsky song is a kind of art not intended originally to collect huge concert halls or stadiums, although there is no shortage of spectators at the festivals of the author's song.
The author does not try to teach anythingListeners, does not try to "get" them, but conducts with them through their works a frank conversation about the eternal: about love, about the soul, about the place of man in this world.
Historical roots of the bardic song
Originally the word "bard" originated in CelticLanguage and denoted the lowest priesthood in the Druid caste. The title of bard was received by a man masterfully mastering the magic of sound, who knew by heart thousands of ancient ballads and poetic traditions, able to sing and music to raise the morale of soldiers and even heal bodies and souls.
But honor and respect were won by singers composing and performing songs about heroes and gods not only among the Celts, but also among other ancient peoples: from Hellenes, Etruscans, Scandinavians and ancient Slavs.
The tradition of composing ballads and sagas, performing them,Accompanying myself on a musical instrument, was alive and in the Middle Ages. Such singers and performers were called in one person in different ways: truers, troubadours, vagantes, minstrels. But they can be called continuers of the bardic tradition. These eternal wanderers were related to the bards by the fact that they not only performed other people's hits of that time, but also independently composed both text and music.
In the modern sense, the bard isThe author-executor. There is a separate genre - author's or bardic song, and the followers of this musical-song direction are usually called bards.
Since the 30-ies of the XX century in the territoryThe Soviet Union has developed a new direction of the song genre. The so-called urban romance, popular in the XIX century, reincarnated as a courtyard song. By the 1960s, the image of a young man with a guitar performing songs often his own composition by the fire or during kitchen gatherings became a classic attribute of urban, student and tourist romance. The most vivid representatives of this new genre became known and even popular. Many are still hearing the names of A. Galich, Yu. Vizbor, E. Klyachkin, A. Yakusheva.
But the first Russian bards, who won trueNational glory and love, such bright and talented personalities as Bulat Okudzhava and Vladimir Vysotsky are considered. It was they who raised the author's song from the level of "apartment concerts" to a significant phenomenon in the cultural life of the country. It was they who showed that a person without musical education, not proficient in a professionally musical instrument, is able to find a response in thousands of hearts.
Perhaps, the golden age for the author's song inRussia became the 80-ies of the last century, but now this genre has not lost its fans. Many poets came out and continue to go on stage, accompanying themselves on the guitar, singing their songs. Of course, the poetic component of the bardic song is more valuable and significant than the musical one. But the guitar rhythm or slow melodies of the melody help the words find a way to the hearts and souls of listeners.