The distinctive feature of any established religion is the researchers consider its symbols.
For Orthodoxy this is a cross, for Islam - a crescent with a star inside.
But there are some symbols that make you think about the probably lost unity of these denominations - the old Christian cross of the pore of Nikon with the crescent at the bottom.
Denominations use many forms of crosses. So, the cross of the Old Believers has rounded forms, the Catholic is strictly geometric and has four beams, the cross in Orthodoxy is eight-pointed, including two parallel horizontal bars and the third lower oblique, which probably stands for the footrest. This cross is considered closest to that on which Jesus was crucified. Another common form of the cross, which can often be found on the domes of Christian churches, is a cross with a crescent moon.
The oldest Orthodox crosses had a dome that resembled the roof of a house. They can still be seen in old cemeteries, where the tradition of "covering" a memorial cross was preserved.
Unity of faith
There are versions that the crescent shows a linkBetween Christianity and Islam, or between Christianity and paganism, since this symbol existed both in that and in another religion. There is also a version that a cross with a crescent shows that there was an era when Islam and Orthodoxy were a single religion. And the shape of the cross with the crescent symbolizes this era. With the modern separation of the two religions - Christian and Muslim, this symbol makes us regret that the unity of faith was lost.
The Triumph of Christianity
However, many theologians believe that the crescent on the cross has no relation to the Muslim symbol. And in fact, these are the hands that are put together to support the symbol of the Orthodox faith.
In some texts of the Middle Ages it is said that the kings are the nurseries of Bethlehem, who embraced Jesus in their arms, and also that it is the eucharistic cup that accepted the body of Jesus.
There is a version that it is a symbol of the cosmos, which emphasizes the presence of Christianity all over the world and has no relation to Islam.
Adherents of semiotics believe that the crescent -It is not really a crescent moon, but a boat, and the cross is a sail. And this ship with a sail symbolizes the Church, which sails to salvation. About the same content explanation in the Revelation of John the Theologian.
Philosophy of the East in the symbol of Christianity
A very interesting version, which tells thatThe image of the crescent indicates that Jesus was in the East. It turns out that there are indirect indications that Jesus really was in the East in the span of life between 12 and 30 years (this is the period of his life that is unknown to scientists, that is, where at that time Jesus lived, what he did). In particular, he was in Tibet, which proves the similarity of his words with the ancient Eastern philosophy of that time.
Historians otherwise refer to the cross with the king,Arguing that the crescent was the official state sign of Byzantium, conquered in 1453 by the Turks, who borrowed the tsar, making him a sign of the Great Ottoman Empire. It is known that plantations of Islam in Byzantium were not, but to the Orthodox cross over the domes of churches in the 15th century this Ottoman sign of power was added. A kind of sign of reconciliation and unity of two cultures, religions.