A distinctive feature of any religion took shape, researchers say its symbols.
For Orthodoxy - a cross, Islam - the crescent moon with a star inside.
But there are some characters that make you think about, probably, lost unity of faiths - old Christian cross pores Nikon with a crescent at the base.
Denominations use many forms of crosses. Thus, the cross has a rounded shape of conservatives, Catholic strictly geometric and has four beams cross in the Orthodox Church - Eight, comprising two parallel horizontal crossbeams and a third lower oblique, which probably represents a footrest. This cross is considered to be closest to that on which Jesus was crucified. Another common form of a cross, which can often be found on the domes Christian churches, a cross with a crescent.
The oldest Orthodox crosses were dome that resembled the roof of the house. Their tradition is still "cover" a memorial cross has can be seen in the old cemetery, where preserved.
The unity of faith
There are versions that crescent shows the relationshipbetween Christianity and Islam or between Christianity and paganism, as the symbol has existed in one and the other religion. Also, we have to be a version of that cross with a crescent moon show that there was an era when Islam and Orthodoxy were united by religion. And the shape of a cross with a crescent moon symbolizes this era. In the present dissociation of the two religions - Christian and Muslim, this symbol makes regret that edinoverie was lost.
The triumph of Christianity
However, many theologians believe that the crescent (tsata) on the cross is not related to the Muslim character. And in fact it is hands folded together to support the symbol of the Orthodox faith.
In some texts of the Middle Ages it said that tsata - a Bethlehem manger, took in his arms the infant Jesus, and that is the Eucharistic cup, which took the body of Jesus.
There is a version that is a symbol of the space that emphasizes the presence of Christianity in the world and has nothing to do with Islam.
Proponents of semiotics believe that the crescent moon -This is not really a crescent moon, and a ship, and the cross - a sail. And this ship to sail symbolize the Church which swims to the rescue. At about the same content in the explanation of Revelation.
The philosophy of the East in the symbol of Christianity
Very interesting version, which says thatCrescent image indicates that Jesus was in the East. It turns out that there is indirect evidence that Jesus was indeed the East in life span between 12 and 30 years (this period of his life that is unknown to scientists, that is where Jesus lived during this time, what he did). In particular, he visited Tibet, which proves the similarity of his words to the ancient oriental philosophy of the time.
Historians relate differently to the cross with tsataclaiming that the crescent was the official state sign of Byzantium, conquered by the Turks in 1453, which borrowed tsatu, making him sign the Great Ottoman Empire. We know that Islam stands in Byzantium was not, but an Orthodox cross on the dome of the 15th century was added to this already ottoman sign of power. A kind of a sign of reconciliation and unity of the two cultures and religions.