Swastika - the cross, the ends of which are bent in the direction of clockwise or counterclockwise. swastikas also called "snowflake" with curved ends.
A swastika - the cross that "rotates" counterclockwise, the ends are bent in the direction of the clock.
To understand its importance, it is necessary to consider the traditional value of the character, as well as the way Hitler used it.
The value of the swastika
The swastika - an ancient Indiancultural and religious symbol that is used by many people. The word "Swasti", which is formed by "swastika" means good luck or greeting. The traditional interpretation of the swastika almost always has a positive value, the movement and life. But the use of the sign by the Nazis made this character is almost unacceptable to use due to the very strong negative associations.
According to the traditional view, the meaning of the swastikaIt depends on which side it is "rotated". If the rotation is clockwise (counterclockwise curved ends), it is the movement of life, rebirth and creativity. But the swastika, the twisting counterclockwise (in this case, the ends are directed clockwise, striking example - Nazi swastika) is death and destruction.
For Buddhists and Hindus have swastikas no negative values: with the birth and life and death with the destruction - all this is part of the wheel of Samsara or the usual course of things.
The use of the swastika by the Nazis
The important point to understand the fascist swastikais the fact that some of the nationalist and anti-Semitic organizations in Germany have already used it during the amplification and Hitler came to power, he was not the first. The swastika was understood as a symbol, as opposed to a Star of David, which is known to symbolize the Jewish national identity. Thus, the swastika, binds to the purity of German blood, was a symbolic response to the Star of David.
In 1919, one dentist by profession KrohnHe suggested the use of the swastika as a sign for the NSDAP. It was based on studies of Guido von List, a historian with a bias in the occult, which was sure in a special appointment of the German people. Hitler accepted the proposal of Crohn's, but then decided to change the direction of the swastika. He himself was a little concerned about the issues of character and values. He made a sign of how well the charge on the value to the objectives sought by the nationalists. Hitler believed that the swastika as a symbol of the Nazi Party, a victory for the Aryans and creative work.
After the adoption of the swastika he began to developgraphic solutions for the sign of the swastika in our time, it would be called logo. Inspired by Hitler, paradoxically, the communist uncompromisingly red symbols. Nazi red flag, which shows a white circle, and it is inscribed in black swastika, created in opposition to the communist.
Interestingly, Hitler did not call a swastika swastika, instead he said "motygoobrazny cross", that's a sign referred to in the German press: Hakenkreuz.