The deprivation of liberty for a certain period of time, referred to popularly imprisonment is used as a criminal punishment in almost all countries of the world.
The conclusion may be real or nominal.
Conditional sentence - is not quite accurateformulation. Lawyers say in such cases, to postpone the execution. However, the conviction itself is quite real: the court shall render a verdict of guilty, recognizing the defendant guilty, and even assigns a sentence of imprisonment. But in the execution of the sentence is omitted.
Convicted person is appointed a probationary period. Its duration is also determined by the court, but it is less than the term of imprisonment that is assigned to the convict. If during this time no person crimes and offenses not commit, the conviction will be repaid, a person is free. If it is for a trial period again disgrace itself a crime - not necessarily the same for what has been convicted - a suspended sentence will become a real man will go to prison.
To appoint a suspended sentence
The law does not stipulate whoYou can impose a suspended sentence, and who can not. No direct correlation of crime and variety, but less dangerous than bears act of the accused, the greater the chance of getting it suspended sentence. Thus, a person who has committed a petty theft is more likely to be given a suspended sentence than a murderer or rapist.
It allows for the court and the accused person. Even if the offense does not belong to the category of serious, a man little chance of getting a suspended sentence if he is in the past criminal record. Probation is intended primarily for accidentally stumbled person who repents of his conduct and sincerely wish never to commit unlawful acts.
Without limiting the range of crimes for whichmay be imposed a suspended sentence, the law will determine what kind of punishment may be conditional. It is not only imprisonment but also corrective works, maintenance in disciplinary military unit, and restrictions on military service. Deprivation of liberty can not be suspended, unless the appointed time is more than 8 years.
Responsibilities conditionally convicted
On conditionally convicted subject to certainlimitations. He is under the supervision of the criminal executive inspection and must be there if his cause, and to report as he performs the duties assigned to him by the court.
These charges are determined by the situation. For example, if a person has committed a crime in a state of alcohol or drugs, the court may order him to be treated for alcoholism or drug addiction. If he had caused anyone physical damage, it may be required to compensate for this loss by a certain date.
If the convicted person has decided to change the place of residence, place of work or study, he is obliged to report this to the penal inspection. Travel abroad it is prohibited.
The main requirement for Probation - not to commit any illegal actions. Otherwise, he faces a real deprivation of liberty.