Archaeologists do not give a precise answer to the question of whether,What city is the oldest city in Russia, but according to archaeological excavations and research are three cities that can be called the oldest.
It Derbent, Veliky Novgorod, Staraya Ladoga.
This ancient city is located on the territory ofmodern Dagestan, its foundation, archaeologists refer to the 6th century BC. The first mention of the city in the manuscripts of ancient Greek historians and geographers preserved and from that time.
The name of the city has Persian roots, the word"Darbant" means "narrow gate". In ancient times, this city was called the Caspian Gates. Title happened due to the fact that the city is located in a narrow passage between the mountains and the Caspian Sea. In ancient times it ran through Derbent Silk Road, and the city was an important trading point. Therefore, the city wanted to own many peoples - there has been much fighting. Derbent is often destroyed, burned down during the infighting, after which the town was rebuilt.
Some researchers have questioned thatDerbent it can be considered the oldest city in Russia, as it was founded and flourished at a time when there was not even any of the Russian people, nor of Kievan Rus. And what is now the city is located in what is now the Russian Federation does not give reason to believe its true Russian.
Despite this, the city has a lot of popularitytourists, because there are many ancient attractions, for example, stone buildings in the Museum-Reserve, dating from the 6th century BC, and ancient mosques.
The second contender for the title of the oldest cityRussia - Veliky Novgorod. This is the place where Christianity originated in ancient Russia. Every native of Novgorod, believes that it is the oldest city in the country.
The base of the Great Novgorod has occurred in the year 859. Once a pagan city became a Christian, there was built a lot of churches. Novgorod became the spiritual center of Kievan Rus.
Currently in Novgorod many ancient cultural monuments, the spirit of the city is impregnated antiquity and greatness. This is true of Russian cities.
By the version that is Staraya Ladoga -ancient Russian city, favored by most researchers. The base of the city belong to the 8th century. It was a port city in the way of shopping Norman way to Volkhov, location - a merger of lakes Ilmen and Ladoga.
Currently, the city's history has not been studied beforeend, and archaeological research conducted in the vicinity of the city. Staraya Ladoga holds many ancient cultural monuments and attractions.