Since 2007, the Russian Federation hasa law requiring drivers of vehicles used for the carriage of children, whose age does not exceed 12 years, special restraints, hereinafter referred to as the home child car seat.
Transportation of child car seats without punishedan administrative fine. Initially, the fine was the same as that of the seat belt, which was not fastened, but it is 3 000 rubles in 2013, which is comparable to the price of the chair. This should relieve drivers from the temptation to "get off with a fine."
Pay the fine should the driver. It is clear that the child can not impose a fine, because it does not have 16 years. But if the driver is not a parent of the child, such as parents traveling with a baby in a taxi, the responsibility does not lies with the parents, and on him. The taxi driver may try to negotiate with the passengers, who agreed to carry a child without car seats, ask them to reimburse him the amount of the fine, but to get them to do it is impossible.
Types of car seats
Child seats belong to certain groups according to age and weight of the child.
Group 0 + - chairs for babies and infants, ie up to a year, whose weight reaches 13 kg. From all other seats, they differ in that they set their counter-movement.
Chairs Group 0 + / I can be installed on the faceand go upstream. The first position is used for children from six months to a year and a half, the second - for older children. This group covers children weighing up to 18 kg in age from six months to 4 years.
Chairs of other groups are established exclusively by the person forward. Group I - 9-18 kg, 9 months - 4 years, I / II / III -9 months - 12 years old, 9-36 kg, II / III - 3-12 years, 15-36 kg.
If the child's weight exceeds 36 kg, and its growthmore than 1.5 meters, but has not reached the age of 12 years, it is assumed to wear a conventional seat belt, equipped with a special adapter, which does not allow the belt to move out on the child's neck. In people, this adapter is called "indulgence" because if any traffic police often "blind eye" to the lack of seats when transporting children of any age.
Requirements for car seats
Even with a car seat, the driver can be fined for non-compliance of certain rules relating to its use.
The chair must be set in the most secure part of the rear seat - in the middle or behind the driver.
The chair should be serviceable. Unacceptable external or internal damage to the frame, cracks and dents on the seat-belt abrasion.
If the seat in the car is, and the child is not in it, and the seat or in the arms of an adult, we can assume that there is no chair. Punishable by a fine and inconsistency seat the child's age.
Laws regarding child car seats, thereand elsewhere. In France, for a trip with the child car seat without the driver can be fined up to € 90 in Germany - to € 40, in Italy - by € 71. Especially the American law is harsh: in the United States the penalty for such a violation is $ 500.