Tibet is the only autonomous region of China,It was open to tourists not so long ago - in the 70s of the last century, and some areas became available to foreigners just a decade ago.
Tibet is striking in its coloring, unique original culture and traditions, as well as the prevailing atmosphere of tranquility.
Geographical location of Tibet
Tibet is located in Central Asia, occupyingSouth-western outskirts of China. In the north-east and east, this autonomous region borders with the provinces of Ss-chuan, Yun-nan and the Kuku-nor area, in the west and south-west it adjoins Kashmir, Ladakh and India, and in the south - with Burma and Nepal. The territory of Tibet is 1.2 million square meters. Km.
The territory of historical Tibet is twice as large as the territory of the present Tibet Autonomous Region, since many of its provinces are deprived of autonomy.
The average height of the Tibetan plate reaches 4000Meters above sea level, and the highest point is at an altitude of more than 8,000 meters. On three sides it is bounded by high and incredibly beautiful mountains. So, in the south of Tibet there are the Himalayas, in the west - the Karakoram, and in the north - the mountains of Tangla and Kunlun. In the east, the land of Tibet is interrupted by deep gorges and low mountain ranges, and also meets with the lowland provinces of China - Yangnan and Sichuan.
In Tibet, there is the highest mountain in the world - Everest (Chomolungma), whose height reaches 8848 meters.
On the Tibetan Plateau, manyThe great rivers of Asia. To the east through South Tibet, the Tsangpo River flows into the Bay of Bengal. Near the sacred mountain of Kailash in the western part of the plateau, the Sutlei and Indus rivers originate, which then connect in the plains of Pakistan. And in the east of the Tibetan land, the Salvin and Mekong rivers begin their journey to South Asia.
The climate of Tibet
Such a unique geographical locationThe specific climate of Tibet. The average temperature in winter reaches -4 ° C, in summer - 14 ° C with a plus sign. There, quite often there is a squally wind and there are dust storms. There may be sudden temperature changes at night, especially in western Tibet. The average level of precipitation depends on the area of Tibet. In the eastern regions, rains most often occur in January and July, and in the western regions, July-August.
Population, religion and attractions of Tibet
The population of the Tibet Autonomous Region todayReaches about 5 million people. About 140 thousand are abroad, most of them in India, this was due to the occupation of Tibet by China in 1959.
It is noteworthy that 90% of the population of Tibet profess the state religion of this region - Buddhism. In some areas, a small number of adherents of Islam and Christianity live.
Buddhism in Tibet is closely interwoven with the culturalHeritage - most of the sights in this area reflect the state religion. In Tibet you can see unique Buddhist temples and monasteries, many of which are outstanding architectural structures. For tourists, the unique natural landscape of Tibet is also noteworthy.