Tibet - the only autonomous region of China,it was opened to tourists not so long ago - in the 70-ies of the last century, and some areas have become available for foreigners only a decade ago.
Tibet is striking in its colorful and unique original culture and traditions, as well as the prevailing atmosphere of peace there.
The geographical position of Tibet
Tibet is located in Central Asia, takingthe south-western outskirts of China. In the north and east of this autonomous region is bordered by the provinces of Ssu-chuan, Yun-nan area and Kuku-nor, to the west and south-west it borders with Kashmir, Ladakh and India, and in the south - with Burma and Nepal. The territory of Tibet reached 1.2 million square meters. km.
The territory of historical Tibet twice the area of the existing Today the Tibetan Autonomous Region, as many of its provinces are deprived of autonomy. </ Blockquote>
The average height of the Tibetan plateau reaches 4,000meters above sea level and the highest point is at an altitude of over 8,000 meters. On three sides it is bounded by high and incredibly beautiful mountains. So, in the south of Tibet Himalayas located in the West - the Karakoram, and in the north - Tangla Mountains and Kunlun. In the east, the land of Tibet is interrupted by deep gorges and low mountain ranges, as well as meets the lowland provinces of China - Yannan and Sichuan.
In Tibet, it is the highest mountain in the world - Mount Everest (Chomolungma), which reaches a height of 8848 meters.</ Blockquote>
On the Tibetan Plateau have their origins manygreat rivers of Asia. To the east across the South Tibet flows into the Bay of Bengal Tsangpo river. Near the sacred mountain Kailash in the western part of the plateau originated Sutla and the Indus River, which are then connected in the plains of Pakistan. And in the east Tibetan lands begin their journey to South Asia Salween and Mekong rivers.
Geography of Tibet
This unique geographical positionTibet led to a specific climate. The average winter temperature reaches -4oS summer - 14 ° C with a plus sign. It often occurs suddenly squally wind and dust storms are. There may be sudden changes in temperature at night, especially in the west of Tibet. The average level of precipitation depends on the Tibet region. In the eastern areas the rains are most often January and July, and in the West - July-August.
Population, religion, Tibet Attractions
The population of the Tibet Autonomous Region todayIt reaches about 5 million people. Still about 140 thousand are abroad, most of them - in India, this happened because of the occupation of Tibet by China in 1959.
It is noteworthy that 90% of the population profess the state religion of Tibet in the area - Buddhism. In some areas, home to a small number of followers of Islam and Christianity.
Buddhism in Tibet is closely intertwined with the culturalheritage - most of the attractions in this area reflect the state religion. In Tibet, you can see the unique Buddhist temples and monasteries, many of which are outstanding architectural structures. For tourists it is also notable for the unique natural landscape of Tibet.