Alaska - the largest by area of the 49th US state, located in the northwest of North America.
The territory of the State includes the mainland, bordering on Canada, titled Peninsula Aleutian Islands and a narrow strip of the Pacific coast with the islands of the Alexander Archipelago.
Alaska was discovered by Russian explorers in the XVII-XVIII centuries., The first settlement was founded in the 1780s.
History of Alaska to the United States sales
The exact time of the beginning of the settlement and coldinhospitable territory is unknown. The first people began to explore these lands were few Indian tribes that were displaced by stronger nations with fertile land. Gradually, they came to the islands, which today is called the Aleutian, inhabit this harsh land and settled firmly on them.
After many years on these lands landedRussian - pioneers of the Far North. While the European powers roamed in search of new colonies in tropical seas and oceans, Russian discoverers mastered lands of Siberia, the Urals and the Far North. Alaska was open to the entire civilized world, during the expeditions of Russian explorers Ivan Fedorov and Mikhail Gvozdev. This event occurred in 1732, this date is considered the official one.
But the first Russian settlements appeared in AlaskaOnly half a century later, in the 80 years of the XVIII century. The main occupation of the people living in these settlements were hunting and commerce. Gradually, the harsh land of Far North was becoming a good source of income, as the fur trade in those days was equal to the gold trade.
In 1781, a talented and luckybusinessman Grigory Shelekhov founded in Alaska "Northeast Group", which was engaged in production of furs, building schools and libraries to the local population and developed the presence of Russian culture in these lands. But, unfortunately, the lives of many talented, smart, radeyuschie for business and Russian people are cut off in their prime. Shelehov died in 1975 at age 48.
Soon his company was combined with otherfur-bearing trading enterprises, it has become called "Russian-American Trading Company." Emperor Paul I issued a decree gave the new company a monopoly on the production of fur and land development of the northeastern Pacific. Up to 30-ies of the XIX century Russian interests in these northern lands jealously guard power and sell or give them no one was going.
Sale United States Alaska
By the end of the 1830s when Emperor Nicholas yardI began to form the view that the loss-making region of Alaska, and invest money in this region senseless. By the time the uncontrolled destruction of predatory foxes, otters, beavers and mink fur led to a sharp drop in production. "Russian America" has lost its original commercial importance, vast areas have practically ceased to accustom, the influx of people has dried up.
There is a common myth, and even a wholeLegend has it that sold Alaska Catherine II, the buyer allegedly acted Britain proud. In fact Ekatirina II Alaska did not sell or even leased. He sold these northern lands belonging to Russia, Alexander II and the deal that was forced. Having ascended to the throne in 1855, Alexander was faced with numerous problems to be solved that needed money. Well aware that to sell their land is a shameful thing for any country, he spent 10 years of his reign trying to avoid it.
Initially, the United States Senate, expressed doubts about the feasibility of such a burdensome acquisition, especially at a time when the country had just ended the civil war and the treasury was exhausted.
However, the financial situation of the yard becameworse, and it was decided to sell the "Russian America." In 1866, Washington was sent to a representative of the imperial court, which has negotiated the sale of the Russian northern lands, everything was done in an atmosphere of strict confidentiality, conspired in the amount of $ 7.2 million in gold.
The expediency of purchase of Alaska became apparent only thirty years later, when the Klondike gold was discovered and began the famous "Gold Rush."
To comply with all the political conventions,official sale has been made year after secret negotiations, for the entire world initiated the transaction were US. In March 1867 after the legal registration of "Russian America" deals has ceased to exist. Alaska received the status of a colony, later was renamed the county, and in 1959 became a full-fledged US state. In Russia, the deal to sell the far northern lands passed almost unnoticed, but some newspapers noted this event is on the last pages of their publications. A lot of people did not even know about the existence of these far northern lands belonging to Russia.