The great Russian writer Nikolai Gogol differentversatility of the talent and diversity of products. He skillfully used his work in folklore and ethnographic material, some of his novels are imbued with subtle lyricism, romantic moods and humor.
Gogol had a significant influence on the formation of humanistic principles of Russian literature.
Where and when Nikolai Gogol was born
Gogol was born on 20 March (New Style - 1 April) 1809 in Mirgorod district, Poltava province. The place of birth of the writer became a place of Great Sorochintsy.
Father Gogol was not the richest landowner Ukrainian Vassily Afanasievich Gogol-Yanovsky.
Gogol spent his childhood in the estate of his parents thatIt was not far from the village of Dikanka. Those were glorious place described in detail in the chronicles. Just an hour's drive from the estate was located Poltava field - the very thing which in his time was a famous battle. Historical motifs imbued with military glory native places reflected in the subsequent work of Gogol.
Influence of family on becoming a writer
Great influence on the formation of the character of the youngKohli had a grandmother Tatiana Semenovna. She learned the boy's drawing from her Gogol first heard folk songs Ukrainian land. In the evenings grandmother told Nicholas legends and historical traditions, among which were the tales of the mighty Zaporozhye Cossacks, the heroic history of the Ukrainian people.
Gogol's parents were sufficientlycultured people. Father knew how to tell interesting stories, was a great lover and a fan of the theater. At one time, Vasily Afanasievich even was an actor and director of home theater, which is arranged at the home of his distant relative. Plays in the theater went to the Ukrainian language, and scenes have been borrowed from folk tales.
It was from his father Nikolai inherited the acting and writing talent.
Mother Gogol, Maria Ivanovna, was quitereligious and impressionable woman. From her future writer first heard stories about the terrible torments of sinners, the imminent destruction of the world and the approaching end times. Mother instructed Gogol, punishing observe moral purity for the future salvation of the soul. Starts in the mind images of the boy, inspired by the teachings of mother, reflected in Gogol's thinking about human fate and the need for self-improvement.
From writer Maria Ivanovna inheriteda very fine mental organization. Throughout his life he was inclined to religion, piety and excessive contemplation. Baby boy impressions of pagan folk beliefs about witches, devils, goblins and mermaids also found a place in his works. Impressionable soul of the future masters of the word has absorbed a lot of the prejudices inherent in the people.