The great Russian writer Nikolai Gogol was differentThe multifacetedness of his talent and the multidimensionality of his works. He skillfully used folklore and ethnographic material in his work, some of his stories are imbued with subtle lyricism, romantic moods and humor.
Gogol had a significant influence on the formation of the humanistic principles of Russian literature.
Where and when was Nikolai Gogol born
Gogol was born on March 20 (in a new style - April 1) in 1809 in Mirgorod district of Poltava province. The birthplace of the writer was the town of Velikie Sorochintsy.
Gogol's father was not the wealthiest Ukrainian landowner Vasily Afanasievich Gogol-Yanovsky.
Gogol's childhood was spent in the estate of his parents, thatWas located near the village of Dikanka. Those were glorious places, described in detail in the annals. Literally an hour's drive from the estate Poltava field was located - the very place where the famous battle took place. The historical motifs of the native places covered with military glory were reflected in Gogol's subsequent work.
Influence of relatives on becoming a writer
A great influence on the formation of the character of the youngKolya had a grandmother, Tatyana Semyonovna. She learned the boy drawing, from her Gogol first heard the folk songs of the Ukrainian land. In the evenings, my grandmother told Nikolai legends and historical legends, among which were legends about the mighty Zaporozhye Cossacks, the heroic history of the Ukrainian people.
Gogol's parents were sufficientlyCultural people. His father knew how to tell stories, was a great connoisseur and admirer of the theater. At one time, Vasily Afanasyevich was even an actor and director of a home theater, which was hosted by his distant relative. Plays in the theater were in Ukrainian, and the stories were borrowed from folk tales.
It was from his father that Nikolai Vasilyevich inherited the actor's and writer's talent.
Mother Gogol, Maria Ivanovna, was enoughReligious and impressionable woman. From her, the future writer first heard stories about the terrible torments of sinners, about the imminent death of the world and the approaching last times. Mother instructed Gogol, punishing to maintain moral purity in the name of the future salvation of the soul. Born in the boy's head, images inspired by the instructions of his mother were reflected in Gogol's reflections on human fate and the need for self-improvement.
From Maria Ivanovna the writer inheritedVery subtle soul organization. Throughout his life he was inclined to religiosity, piety and excessive contemplation. Children's impressions of the boy about pagan folk beliefs, witches, devils, brownies and mermaids also found a place in his works. Impressive soul of the future master of words absorbed many prejudices peculiar to the people.