All-wheel drive cars have a special design of the transmission, in which all the wheels are connected to the engine.
This increases the patency of the car, but at the same time making it more difficult to control.
Features all-wheel drive vehicles
Wheel drive cars called transportvehicle with the transmission mechanism that allows you to transfer engine torque to all wheels. Simply put, in a four wheel drive to all four wheels are connected to the engine, so that they revolve and drive the vehicle. There are also front-wheel and rear-wheel drive vehicles in which the spinning front or rear wheels, respectively, and the other two only rotated during driving.
Initially, vehicles with four-wheel drivedesigned as off-road vehicles, but today they are widely distributed in domestic and international traffic. In addition to the high-road in various weather and terrain conditions, these vehicles have a number of drawbacks:
- Difficulty in upravlenii-
- The high price of car-
- High fuel consumption.
The complexity in the management is characterized by the presence ofdifferent options of a full drive implementations: permanent all-wheel drive, four-wheel drive plug-in manually, automatically plug-wheel drive. Each circuit has its own powertrain management features, which can be difficult to use in extreme conditions.
Mostly acquire vehicleswheel drive transmission is related to a hobby or job of the driver, where there is a need for increased transport patency. Class all-wheel drive vehicles are VAZ-2121 "Niva", UAZ SUVs. All-wheel drive vehicles are up to 10% of the range of virtually every carmaker.
Popular types of transmissions - with a rear and front-wheel drive
The rear-drive management caryou must pay special attention to accuracy and speed of the wheel and accuracy in handling the gas pedal. Abrupt and too strong steering movements of the accelerator pedal and can provoke a skid car, especially on slippery roads. The movement is stabilized, reset if the gas pedal gently.
Rear-wheel drive cars are presented models of VAZ-2101-07, Moskvitch 2140, Volga, Mercedes, BMW.
Vehicles with front-wheel drive transmission schemeThey are dynamically stable. They are less agile, less maneuverable than the rear-wheel drive, resistant to skidding. The downside of these cars is their stability in a linear motion on any surface. This means that the driver feels a little, that the road may be slippery when cornering and can carry machine.
Represent a class of front-wheel cars like VAZ-2108-15, 2141 Moskvich, Volkswagen, Audi, Opel, Nissan, Ford, Toyota, Honda, Volvo.