Nikita Khrushchev is one of the mostContradictory Soviet politicians of the middle of the last century. The faithful "Leninist" who led the country in 1953, after the death of the "leader of the peoples", he literally blew up the world with a report at the Twentieth Party Congress and debunking the "personality cult".
But this, of course, is not the only thing, for which Khrushchev is remembered and 50 years after his not entirely voluntary resignation in October 1964.
1953: the first year of government
This year went down in history not only the death of Generalissimo Stalin, but also the end of the "bloody" era of Lavrenti Beria.
Nikita Khrushchev was the key figure in the conspiracy against the seemingly all-powerful interior minister, and Marshals Nikolai Bulganin and Georgy Zhukov, who headed the defense ministry.
1954: the sharp Crimea
One of the most "strange" decisions of Khrushchev was the transfer of the Crimea, which on quite legitimate grounds was part of the RSFSR, in the form of a gift from the Ukrainian SSR.
After 60 years, this political act acted as a detonator of grandiose political events. And both in the Crimean autonomy, and in Ukraine, which has already gained its sovereignty.
1955: Birth can not be forbidden
On November 23, the Soviet leadership pleased the women of the country. The taboo on voluntary termination of pregnancy abortion was abolished.
1956: the effect of a bomb
On February 25, the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU, whichA real sensation. More precisely, not even the congress itself, but the closed plenum of the Central Committee. On it, Khrushchev read an instantly well-known report, "On the cult of the individual and its consequences," containing the impossible criticism of Stalin and his policies before that.
It is after this plenum, let its decisions andThey were not published in open sources, liberation from camps and links of millions of repressed persons began. And later - and rehabilitation. For many, unfortunately, posthumously. Another year is the beginning of the development of virgin lands and the suppression of the Hungarian insurrection by Soviet tanks.
1957: Long live the "cold war"!
For some, this year, in connection with theMoscow World Festival of Youth and Students, was the beginning of the "Khrushchev thaw." And for others, after a successful test of the intercontinental ballistic missile, the launch of the Cold War.
In October, again on Khrushchev's initiative, he was "permanently" freed from the post of Minister of Defense and removed from the Presidium of the Central Committee by Georgy Zhukov.
Opul "Marshal of Victory" Georgy Zhukov - painful reaction of the head of the USSR to the information he received from the security services on a possible military conspiracy.
1958: Scorer of the Streltsy
The USSR national football team took part in the World Championship for the first time. But the best player of the team Eduard Streltsov did not go to Sweden, shortly before the start of the tournament he was deprived of freedom, at Khrushchev's order.
1959: Khrushchev's visit to the "den of the enemy"
In September, Nikita Khrushchev turned out to be the first leader of the Soviet state, not just making an official visit to the US, but also holding talks there with President Dwight Eisenhower.
1961: "Let's go!"
The first year of the decade the world remembered due to two extraordinary events. Khrushchev was related to both of them.
April 22, the first man went to space - Yuri Gagarin. And on August 13, the Berlin Wall was built, dividing Germany into two zones.
1962: Missiles for Cuba
The year of the "Caribbean crisis". The Cuban revolution and military aid to this country from the Soviet Union could end with the Third World War. After all, in October the 62nd Soviet submarines had already aimed rockets with nuclear warheads on the US and were just waiting for Nikita Khrushchev's team.
Approximately the same, by the way, the commands that the soldiers of the North Caucasian Military District received, shooting the demonstration of citizens in Novocherkassk ...
The reason for the deployment of submarines,Ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads and military units in Cuba, Khrushchev was indignant with the appearance of American missiles near the Soviet border - in Turkey.
1963: no longer friends
In just a few months, the Soviet leadershipManaged to quarrel immediately with two recent allies. But if the conflict with Albania can be considered local, the scandalous break in relations with the PRC, which began to gain its power, turned out to be seriously and for a long time.
1964: The Last Hero
One of the final acts of Nikita KhrushchevAs the first secretary and chairman of the Council of Ministers with the status of "strange", is the awarding them the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union, the President of Algeria, Ahmed bin Bella.
Just a year later, the African president shared the fate of the awarder, having lost his post and power.