Nikita Khrushchev - one of the mostcontroversial Soviet politicians of the last century. True "Leninist", led the country in 1953, after the death of "leader of the peoples", he literally blew the world report at the Twentieth Party Congress and the dethronement of the "cult of personality".
But this is certainly not the only thing Khrushchev remembered and after 50 years it is not entirely voluntary resignation in October 1964.
1953: The first year of the reign
This year has gone down in history not only the death of Generalissimo Stalin, but the end of "bloody" epoch of Lavrenty Beria.
The key figures of the conspiracy against the seemingly all-powerful interior minister, Nikita Khrushchev began and led the Ministry of Defence Marshals Nikolai Bulganin and Georgi Zhukov.
1954: The Island of Crimea
One of the most "strange" decisions of Khrushchev was the transfer of the Crimea, which was part legitimately in the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR as a gift.
After 60 years, this political act played the role of detonator grand political events. And in the Crimean autonomy, and the already gained its sovereignty Ukraine.
1955: I can not bear to ban
November 23, the Soviet leadership was pleased the country's women. It abolished the taboo on the voluntary termination of pregnancy - abortion.
1956: The bombshell
February 25 completed the Twentieth Party Congress, performing thecreated a furor. More precisely, not even Congress itself, and the closed Plenum of the Central Committee. It Khrushchev read instantly became famous report "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences", which contained the impossible before the criticism of Stalin and his policies.
It was after this plenum, let his decisions andnot published in open sources, the liberation of the camps and exile of millions of repressed. And later - and rehabilitation. For many, unfortunately, posthumously. Even this year the beginning of development of virgin lands and the suppression of the Hungarian uprising by Soviet tanks.
1957: Long live the "cold war"!
For some, this year, in connection with the passage inMoscow World Festival of Youth and Students, was the beginning of "Khrushchev's thaw". But for others, the successful test of an intercontinental ballistic missile - the start of the "cold war."
In October, again on the initiative of Khrushchev forever "released" from his post as defense minister and removed from the Presidium of the Central Committee Georgy Zhukov.
Opala "Marshal of the Victory" Georgy Zhukov - a painful reaction of the head of the Soviet Union on the received from the state security information about a possible military conspiracy.
1958: A scorer Streltsov
USSR national football team for the first time participated in the world championship. But Sweden did not go to the best Eduard Streltsov player, shortly before the start of the tournament devoid of, at the direction of Khrushchev's freedom.
1959: Khrushchev's visit to the "lair of the enemy"
In September, Khrushchev was the first leader of the Soviet state, not just to make an official visit to the US, but there had spent talks with President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1961: "Let's go!"
The first year of the decade the world remembered thanks to two extraordinary events. It had both attitude and Khrushchev.
April 22, the space went the first man - Yuri Gagarin. But August 13 was built the Berlin Wall, the division of Germany into two zones.
1962 Cuba missiles
Year "Cuban missile crisis". The Cuban revolution and military assistance to the country by the Soviet Union could result in World War III. Indeed, in October 62 th Soviet submarines already aimed the missiles with nuclear warheads in the US, and only waited for Nikita Khrushchev's team.
About the same, by the way, the team, which received the soldiers of the North Caucasian Military District, was shot demonstrating citizens in Novocherkassk ...
The reason for the placement of submarines,ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads and military units in Cuba, Khrushchev was outrage advent of American missiles near the Soviet border - in Turkey.
1963 are no longer friends
Just a few months the Soviet leadershipIt has managed to quarrel immediately with two recent allies. But if the conflict with Albania can be considered local, the rupture of relations with the scandalous began to gain its power of China has appeared, as they say, a good long time.
1964: The Last Hero
One of the final acts of Nikita Khrushchevas the first secretary and the chairman of the Council of Ministers with the status of "strange", is awarding them the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union, the President of Algeria Ahmed Ben Bella.
Just one year African President shared the fate of most are awarded, deprived of office and power.