The cadastre is a data bank in which information on land plots is collected.
As an organization, it is engaged in measuring and documenting land owned by the state, including private property.
History of land cadastre
The first information about the work on measuring andThe evaluation of plots of land appeared long before our era, about 3000 years ago, under Emperor Augustus, in the territory of ancient Egypt. The aforementioned emperor ordered to exact a tax on land plots. This type of tax was also levied in the Middle Ages. In order to more accurately determine the amount, a rope and a rope of the prescribed length were used, with which the measured area was measured. It should be noted that no mathematical calculations were used during the measurement of sites in this period.
The original interpretation of the term "cadastre" was not associated with a certain territory. He reflected only the essence of this concept, for example: inventory, record, register and so on.
The situation changed in 1718, when theModernization of the process of measuring the area of land. As a result, exact rules for conducting this type of work were determined. Now, after measuring the area on paper, the image was scaled accurately. This made it possible to draw up maps showing the boundaries of a given plot of land, as well as its cost and the exact amount necessary to pay the tax.
On the territory of Russia, the cadastre appeared in the 10th century. At that time, the list of cadastral works included: the exact measurement of the area of agricultural land and the entry of information in special books.
Since the XVII century, carrying out this type of workBegan to include not only agricultural land, but also land occupied by forests or urban buildings.
In the land documents of that period,The total area of the yard and the buildings on it. Also, all the data about the owner and the amount that was to be collected in the form of tax were entered here. Moreover, at that time a full list of personal real estate was included in this list of information, to which the exact layout of the latter was attached.
In the post-revolutionary years, exact schemes, the area and location of water bodies that were located on the territory of the cities began to enter the land cadastre.
Objects of the urban cadastre system are elements of the urban environment: natural resources, infrastructure and socio-economic phenomena associated with the life of the city.
In the modern period, a concept was introduced,As an urban cadastre, which is an integral part of the general state cadastre. It contains information on private property, and the total amount of land is recorded. Thanks to the urban cadastre, it is possible to protect the territory belonging to human settlements from seizure or other types of encroachment. The city cadastre has an extensive and easy-to-use land accounting system.