A sharp increase in blood pressure, orHypertensive crisis - is not only the high figures recorded by the tonometer, but also the aggravation of all the symptoms of hypertension. Numbness of the extremities, flashing of flies in the eyes, difficulty in speaking indicates abnormalities in the cerebral circulation.
These signs can not be ignored, because They can lead to a heart attack or a brain hemorrhage.
Without a doubt, calling an emergency doctor -This is the first thing you need to do with a sharp increase in blood pressure that occurred in you, someone from family members, a colleague or a passer-by. Understand that this hypertensive crisis, will help a number of signs that directly or indirectly indicate this emergency (this is how doctors describe it).
Signs of hypertensive crisis
The clinical picture of hypertensive crisis is extremelyThere is even a special classification, according to which three main varieties are distinguished: neurovegetative, edematous and convulsive. But an ordinary person (not a doctor) is enough to know the key signs of a hypertensive crisis. These include:
- headache (usually in the occipital part of the head) -
- noise in ears-
- shortness of breath-
- Visual impairment: sight in front of eyes, fog, shroud,
- trembling of hands or whole body-
- Hyperemia of the face (separate red or pink bright spots) -
- numbness of the lips, tongue,
- retardation of reactions-
- wheezing when breathing-
- goose bumps all over the body-
- dry mouth, etc.
If the jump in pressure occurred not with you, but withAnother person, it makes sense not only to note changes in his behavior and appearance, but also to ask what he feels (if, of course, he is able to respond).
Pre-emergency care at high blood pressure
If possible, calm down and lie down (orCalm and put in bed a person who has jumped up pressure, and you were close). If it is difficult to breathe in the horizontal position, you can take the position of reclining or sitting. It is necessary to ensure free access of oxygen: unfasten the top buttons or zipper on the shirt, blouse, open the window, window or door. It is desirable to eliminate external stimuli - noise, bright light, strong odors.
Sometimes heavy condition is removed by mustard plasters,Placed on the back of the neck and calf muscles, and a hot foot bath with mustard, ensuring the outflow of blood to the legs and thereby causing relief. If there is a pain in the heart, you can take nitroglycerin under the tongue. It is also possible to take additional medications that reduce blood pressure. With a lot of emotional stress, very often accompanying the hypertensive crisis (panic, fear, severe anxiety), it is worth taking calming valerian drops, corvalol or valocardin.
Particular attention during a sharp increaseArterial pressure is required by older people. If you overdo and quickly reduce their pressure, thereby causing lethargy, drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, you can provoke the state of the other extreme - insufficiency of cerebral blood supply. Thus, a hundredfold increases the risk of stroke.
Do not forget to measure every 15 minutesBlood pressure and record data. These records can come in handy to both the emergency room doctor and the treating doctor. They will be able to trace the course of the attack, its dynamics and draw the right conclusions and appointments when providing assistance.