When choosing the material for the construction of bath walls, the basic requirements must be taken into account - the walls must have a low level of thermal conductivity, natural air exchange.
Also, the harmfulness of the released substances of modern materials and their cost will be of great importance.
Wooden walls were used in constructionTraditional Russian bath. And the selection of types of wood was selected for each element of the construction separately: the foundation of larch, the walls, the floor and the ceiling - from aspen and pine, the interior trim made of linden and aspen. Such distribution of wood species achieved strength, heat insulation and interior decoration of the bath.
Chopped (Logs) baths
The sauna, built of a log cabin, hasAttractive appearance. In addition, the log keeps the heat well and practically does not need ventilation. The best qualities for building a log house are spruce, pine and aspen. But, as you know, any tree quickly deteriorates, so for the construction of chopped bath walls you need to carefully choose logs without bark beetles, mold and fungus.
A good alternative to log walls areWalls of timber. The beam has all the good qualities of a log and, unlike the latter, does not require caulking, and the technology of "lock" joints prevents moisture from entering the seams, thereby preventing the rotting process.
Brick walls do not keep warm and needIn good internal heat insulation and decoration, the bathhouse, built of bricks, is a very expensive construction. However, in view of all the disadvantages, brick buildings are more durable and less fire dangerous.
The baths were very widely used,Built of frame walls. The basis of this design involves a rigid frame, on both sides paneled, and between them filled with a heater. This design is easy to build, light weight and does not need a serious foundation, but the materials for such construction should be chosen very carefully - otherwise there is a big risk in the soon formation of mold and rot.