An increased protein in the urine is called proteinuria.
This disease can occur due to infectious diseases that affect microscopic kidney filters, or directly the whole organ.
Very often, proteinuria in children indicates the presence of a disease.
Therefore, it is important to systematically pass the urine test of the baby, in order to diagnose the disease at an early stage.
As a rule, proteinuria is not accompanied by obviousPainful sensations. However, the presence of a large amount of protein in the urine leads to edema and increased arterial pressure. There are different types of proteinuria. Functional - occurs in stressful situations, hypothermia, nervous disorders and allergic reactions.
Also increased protein in the urine of a newbornThe baby is quite normal for a number of physiological reasons. Such proteinuria is considered temporary and does not require medical treatment. In the case when along with the presence of protein in the urine, the child has other anxious symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help. The fact that the protein itself is a kind of indicator that indicates the presence of the disease in the body, so you can not ignore it in any case.
Proper collection of urine for analysis
In order for the result of the analysis to be reliable,It is necessary to observe the elementary rules for the collection of the material under study. Thus, the baby's genitals and the urine collection container should be clean. For this, the baby should be washed with baby soap without additives, or with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is important to make sure that soap or cotton wool is not left on the baby's genitals. Urine should be sent to the laboratory no later than three hours after collection. It should be taken into account that before the examination the container with urine should be stored in a dark cool place.
What diseases are indicated by the presence of protein in the urine
The baby protein present in the urine canTestify to the occurrence of the following diseases: hypertension, amyloidosis of the kidney, thrombosis of the kidney vessels, pyelonephritis, urolithiasis, acute tubular necrosis, congestive kidney, Fanconi syndrome, lysozymium, overeating proteinuria, chronic renal transplant rejection, hemoglobinuria, and diabetic glomerulosclerosis.
What is orthostatic proteinuria?
Orthostatic proteinuria is aA condition that occurs in older children. Such proteinuria promotes the appearance of protein in the urine only during the period of the child's activity. It turns out that the protein somehow gets into the urine directly during the day, which does not happen at night in a state of rest. Thus, in order to diagnose such proteinuria, a two-step urinalysis study, including its morning and daily collection, is necessary. If the protein is found in the daily portion of urine, and in the morning there will be no, then this will mean the appearance of orthostatic proteinuria. But do not worry, because such a state is normal and absolutely safe.