Steatorrhea - pathology, in which there is an infringement of fat absorption in the intestine.
As a result, stool fat is released in an excess amount (more than 5 grams per day).
Causes and symptoms of steatorrhea
The main symptoms of steatorrhea: a copious and fatty stools, diarrhea. In violation of the outflow of bile from the patient is observed with jaundice and dark urine discolored stools. Steatorrhea is the main manifestation of intestinal lymphoma (cancer). In this case, the patient, other than abdominal pain may occur fever, symptoms of intestinal obstruction.
Steatorrhea observed mainly indiseases of the pancreas, blockage of the duct Virsungianova, Addison's disease and Graves. This pathology occurs in enteritis, celiac disease, diverticulosis intestine, Crohn's disease, pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, when liver damage or bile duct. The degree of severity of the disease depends on the severity of the pancreas and small intestine. Steatorrhea also develops in the secondary malabsorption syndrome in patients with psoriasis, eczema, when endocrine diseases. The cause of the pathology may be taking certain medications, laxatives.
Steatorrhea may appear when used with a diet of large amounts of fat.
Steatorrhea can be caused by previously transferredbowel resection, lead to violations of fat digestion, because of reduced circulation of bile salts between the intestine and the liver. When conditions involving stagnation of the intestinal contents, decreasing gastric secretion, decreased intestinal peristaltic activity is intense reproduction bacterial flora accelerated cleavage bile salts.
Steatorrhea: diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis is important steatorrheaMacroscopic examination of stool. In this disease, the stool has a characteristic greyish-clay color, on the surface appears patina similar to frozen fat. With existing severe lesions of the pancreas, dry stool residue contains up to 50-80% fat. Seatoreya depletes the body. The patient develops hypocholesterolemia, leukopenia, hypoproteinemia, gipolipemiya, anemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia.
In steatorrhoea should take vitamin B12, B15, niacin and ascorbic acid, pancreatin.
steatorrhea Treatment is reduced to the primary therapydisease. The patient should be fully fed, the diet must contain a high amount of animal protein. From the menu you want to exclude vegetable proteins, gluten, fat limit. Carbohydrates should be consumed in small quantities. To improve the absorption of nutrients in the intestines is recommended to include in the menu, fish and low-fat meat broths.