The significance of the word "spelling" is not difficult to guess.
It takes place from the phrase "rightwrite". There is also a synonym of Greek origin, meaning the same samoe.Mozhno say that spelling or orthography - is the ability to properly display the letter on the spoken word using letters.
But how to understand how to be a good one or another spelling of the word?
How is your spelling?
There are certain rules and regulationsSpelling, who govern the spelling of words in the language. But consider these rules something dangers immutable laws incorrectly. Of course, most of them due to historical laws, changes that occur in the language.
Thus, changes in the language, the letters "b" and"B" have lost their sound values, respectively, and changed the spelling of words in which they are designated sounds. Do not write "b" at the end of words ending in a consonant letter, out of use, and some letters, such as "yat" or "graphite".
And this process continues! Language - is a living phenomenon. All language "laws" and "regulations" are periodically reviewed and revised. More recently, I use the word "coffee" could only be masculine, but now the rules of "legalized" the use of the noun in the middle way. Such examples are many.
If the majority of carriers are getting used languageuse one or the other "wrong" word, its form, it is gradually becoming the norm. Thus, the spelling - is a reflection of common modes of transmission of linguistic realities.
Sometimes completely "wrong" with the historicalpoint of view of writing is seen by modern man as the only possible. For example, we did not hesitate to form the plural of the word "hundred" - "cell." But by following the historical trend, the plural in this case is to be formed in the same manner as in the word "mouth" - "mouths", "lion" - "lion", etc. Hardly anyone except small children, will now be a way to change that word.
But take spelling or orthography as something completely random, not subject to any laws, it is also incorrect. There are 3 basic principle of spelling:
Simplistically they can be characterized as follows:
- When the phonetic (phonemic) spelling principle on the letter sounds are displayed just as pronounced in the speech.
Phonetic principle applies, for example, in the Belarusian language.
- In principle morphological spelling of the word or its part, adopted for the basic does not change when you change the words.
The morphological principle of spelling acts in the Russian language.
- Historical principle is characterized in that the spelling of the word does not change, regardless of how to pronounce a word.
A prime example of this principle of action can be English.
This principle is also called traditional.