Peter I conceived St. Petersburg as a new, European city, in which all the best and progressive will be embodied.
Is it because the city of Peter so fascinated after three centuries that the greatest people of Russia have invested the whole soul to make this city beautiful?
In his first visit to St. Petersburg, the tourist should see the brightest diamonds of this northern crown, then to return here for new treasures.
Tour of Nevsky
The first walk around St. Petersburg usually begins withNevsky Prospekt and move towards the Neva, crossing first the Fontanka River, and then the Griboyedov Canal. There are two great temples in the immediate vicinity.
To the left is the Kazan Cathedral, which spans two wings of stone columns along a small square. People go to the operating temple to worship the icon of Kazan Mother of God and the grave of Field Marshal Kutuzov.
On the right, inland from Nevsky Prospekt, going intoGriboedov's canal, stands Spas-on-the-Blood, the Temple of the Ascension of the Lord. The elegant cathedral with colored domes dome works as a museum. Inside the temple there is a part of the pavement on which the liberation king Alexander II was mortally wounded, in honor of which this temple-monument was erected.
Ensemble of the Palace Square
Through the Moika River you can go to the heart of the city -The Palace Square. It is surrounded on one side by the building of the General Staff, on the other - the elegant decor of the Winter Palace, in the center stands the Alexander Column. The highest column in the world was erected in honor of the victory over Napoleon in the Patriotic War of 1812.
To visit the Hermitage, the treasury of world history and art, it is worth at least one day. The museum is located in seven buildings, passing one into another.
Spit of Vasilyevsky Island
The front facade of the Winter Palace is onThe embankment of the Neva. The palace bridge leads the townspeople and tourists to the point of the Vasilievsky Island. Here, in front of the Exchange building, like a Greek temple, is a beautiful ensemble with rostral columns. These 32-meter tower-beacons are decorated according to ancient custom by the bow units of ships.
Cradle of St. Petersburg
If you turn right in front of the Palace Bridge,Then you can walk to the Trinity Bridge. Immediately behind him is the renewed Summer Garden, which is sung in the verses with a grating. On the Troitsky Bridge you can go to the Peter and Paul Fortress, the place where the city is founded, where museums work, the cannon fires from the Naryshkin bastion, and the Russian emperors are buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral.
To the left of the Palace Bridge you can see the buildingAdmiralty. His thin gilded spire is crowned by a sailing ship, which became a symbol of St. Petersburg. Further upstream the Neva is the Decembrists' Square, the former Senate Square, where a monument stands to Peter the Great sung in the poem by A.S. Pushkin's The Bronze Horseman.
For the statue of the king - the mass of St. Isaac's Cathedral. Built as the main cathedral, it accommodates up to 14 thousand people, and from the colonnade a beautiful panorama of the historic center of St. Petersburg opens.