To make sure your car is always light plant andfast, long battery hold a charge in any weather in the winter and in the summer, keep the power supply is in perfect condition, periodic checks should density of the electrolyte and, of course, control the level of all banks.
Selecting the battery
The battery is certainly the most important part of anycars. To avoid problems when starting the engine, battery (battery) must comply with the vehicle power. The higher the power of the engine, the greater the capacity of the battery should be. For example, in the "Zhiguli" it is desirable to put a battery capacity of 60 A / h. These requirements are consistent with robust domestic battery: tymen battery, «AkTeh", "ACOM" and others. Given the current requirements to go during the day to dip-light, it will guarantee a constant working condition of the battery. On the other hand it is unacceptable to put heavy-duty battery, since such a battery can cause damage to the vehicle's electrical components.
For the same reason, do not come with a request "to light" for owners of powerful cars - high current to start the engine can play a cruel joke.
Watch out for the electrolyte level
The electrolyte in the battery is a 36% solutionaqueous sulfuric acid. Its average density should be 1.28 g / cc. Lead plates in banks all the time are completely submerged - electrolyte level should rise above them by 10-15 mm. The measurement is made by means of a glass tube, lowered it into the filler hole up to wafers and holding a finger upper hole. column height in the tube must conform to the figures.
On the battery with a transparent body electrolyte level is determined visually. It should be placed between the marks min and max.
As a result of the evaporation operation possiblethe water component of the solution and the level drop. In this case necessary to add distilled water to the banks. The electrolyte is added only in the event of a spill solution. Thus in any case not allowed to fill directly into the banks concentrated acid!
If you are using a maintenance-free battery, then they refill procedure is not provided. However, this type of battery calls for a more stringent requirements to operate.
Other operating rules AKB
To make sure your battery is served for a long time and did not let in the most critical situations, observe the following basic rules for its use:
- Keep them in good working generator relays and periodically checks should be issued by the stress-generator
- Keep the battery pole terminals clean. It is advisable to cover them with grease smazkoy-
- Do not store the battery in a discharged sostoyanii-
- Start the engine by short (5-10 seconds) the starter at intervals of 10-15 seconds.