The word "satisfaction" comes from the combination of the Latin words satis, meaning "enough", and facere, meaning "to make."
The word meant satisfactionem debt reimbursement.
Over time, it has acquired more shades of meaning.
In the context of religion, this word designateda set of actions prescribed to perform the priest to atone for sins and receive absolution. Somewhat later, the word "satisfaction" gained additional significance. They came to mean compensation for moral damage, which was caused to a personal insult. This compensation could be obtained only during a duel.
This word came into the Russian language duringthe reign of Peter the Great. Dahl says that it came from the French language, and Vasmer convinced that it was borrowed from the Polish. In the Russian language it was used it was in a narrow "Duel" sense. When the duel was banned, the term has acquired an ironic tone and eventually obsolete. In today's world the phrase "I demand satisfaction" often signals a desire to get the speaker's apology, and not at all call for a duel.
In general, a duel in the usual senseappeared in Russia around the same time as the word "satisfaction", that is, during the reign of Peter the Great, which is actively engaged in the formation of contemporary nobility. The duel began an exhaustive way to resolve most conflicts. They were so common that Peter himself ordered the execution of all the participants (the seconds, witnesses and duelists), regardless of the outcome of a duel. Catherine II believed duel uncharacteristic, alluvial phenomenon for Russia in every possible way and fought with them.
In today's world, the word "satisfaction" hasmore global significance. Political satisfaction mean performance of any country specific requirements as compensation for illegal actions.
Satisfaction in Russian
Domestic nobility in spite of everything is closeaccepted the idea of a duel, the right to match gave the opportunity to take responsibility for their own destiny (even if at times it led to the death). Duel was often used as a sort of higher court, according to the laws of honor reject the call was impossible thrown once.
Terms Russian duels were considered the most violent in all of Europe. This is what makes them very convenient for political assassinations.
By the early nineteenth century, the duel tookproper redress for defamation Actor. The main was a conviction or belief in their right to punish any person. For example, there was a kind of duel-retaliation on romantic soil, in such matches a point of honor not addressed at all. Often duel used as a means of political or assassination. Needless to say that such duels had no relation to the satisfaction of the moral damage?