The word "satisfaction" comes from the combination of the Latin words satis, which means "enough", and facere, which means "commit."
The word satisfactionem denoted repayment of debt.
Over time, it acquired other shades of meaning.
In the context of religion, this word denotedA set of actions prescribed for the execution by a priest to atone for sins and receive a remission. Somewhat later, the word "satisfaction" was given additional meaning. They began to denote compensation for moral damage, which was caused by a personal insult. This compensation could only be obtained during a duel.
This word came into Russian during theThe reign of Peter the Great. Dahl believes that it came from the French language, and Fasmer is convinced that it was borrowed from Polish. In Russian it was used in a narrow "duel" sense. When the duel was banned, the term acquired an ironic tinge and gradually became obsolete. In the modern world, the phrase "I demand satisfaction" most often signals the speaker's desire to receive an apology, and in all is not about calling for a duel.
In general, a duel in the usual senseAppeared in Russia around the same time as the word "satisfaction", that is, during the reign of Peter the Great, who was actively engaged in the formation of the contemporary nobility. Dueling has become an exhaustive way to resolve most conflicts. They were so widespread that Peter himself ordered the execution of all participants (seconds, witnesses and duelists), regardless of the outcome of the duel. Catherine II considered the duel to be an uncharacteristic, superficial phenomenon for Russia and struggled with them in every possible way.
In the modern world, the word "satisfaction" hasMore global significance. Political satisfaction means the fulfillment by a country of certain requirements as compensation for unlawful acts.
Satisfaction in Russian
Domestic nobility in spite of everything closeAdopted the idea of a duel, the right to a duel gave the opportunity to take responsibility for their own destiny (even if it sometimes led to death). The duel was often used as a kind of supreme court, it was impossible to reject the challenge once defied by the laws of honor.
The conditions of the Russian duels were considered the most cruel in all of Europe. That's what made them very convenient for political murders.
By the beginning of the nineteenth century, dueling ledActually satisfaction for the insult of honor, the role of the second plan. The main thing was the conviction or belief in his right to punish any person. For example, a kind of duel-retaliation arose on a romantic ground, in such duels the issue of honor was not touched at all. Often dueling was used as a method of political or custom-made murder. Needless to say, such fights had nothing to do with the satisfaction of moral damage?