Residual encephalopathy called brain pathology, which developed as a result of acute or chronic damaging factor.
Most often observed perinatal form of the disease occurring during pregnancy, childbirth or in the first weeks of life.
Residual encephalopathy can cause factors,in which brain cells are damaged. These include a variety of traumatic brain injury, exposure to toxic substances, complicated course of pregnancy or delivery, reception of narcotics, increased bilirubin or urea transferred cerebrovascular accident, cerebral atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, vascular dystonia, inflammatory diseases of the brain, prolonged exposure to ionizing radiation.
Under the influence of these negative factors occurdamage to brain cells or even their death. For a while, the brain handles and without them, but then weakened and compensatory possibilities appear symptoms of encephalopathy.
Residual encephalopathy has greatthe number of displays. Often characterized by neurological symptoms - anxiety, irritability or lethargy, dizziness, migraine, fainting, memory impairment or sleep, vegetative-vascular dystonia, nausea and vomiting. However, there are quite severe manifestations - a violation of motor function, paralysis, convulsions, decreased intelligence.
Residual encephalopathy is usually slowprogresses, causing persistent irregularities in the brain, although there are sharp variations of when symptoms increase rapidly. In these cases the patient suffers constant severe headaches, deteriorating eyesight and hearing, there numbness, loss of coordination, speech disorders. In the future, the condition worsens and can go up to the development of coma.
Methods of diagnosis
The diagnosis of "residual encephalopathy" setsneurologist based on direct examination, and patient survey data electroencephalography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and others. From laboratory studies have diagnostic value of clinical and biochemical analyzes of blood, cerebrospinal fluid.
Diagnosis of this disease is difficult because the first clinical symptoms may appear long after the damaging factor.
Untimely diagnosis and the lack of adequate treatment, can lead to such serious conditions as hydrocephalic syndrome, cerebral palsy and epilepsy.
The method of treatment is chosen on the basis of reasondiseases and symptoms. Most often prescribe drugs that improve cerebral circulation. Often prescribe vitamin complexes, diuretics and anticonvulsants. In the presence of irritability and disturbance of motor activity, using massages, complex physical therapy, herbal medicine courses, pedagogical correction. Patients with this diagnosis are very useful fresh air, restful sleep, you need a refusal of bad habits.