"Province", "provincial" - these terms can betoday to hear more often as a derogatory characterizing backwardness, outdated. But this is not always the case, this term has a long history and its specific characteristics.
Province in our time - a multifaceted phenomenon, a full-fledged participant in the processes taking place in society.
Where did the word "province"
In the history of this term came from the RomanEmpire, known for its numerous conquests of the lands that were, at times, quite far from Italy. The Latin word provincia is composed of two things: Pro - forward and vincere - sprout. Those. in relation to the metropolis - Rome, who was represented as a barrel, the Roman provinces were his shoots, which were granted the right to live their lives, but they are governed by governors appointed by Rome, and were under the Roman emperors.
Later the term was used in theadministrative, political and legal practice, acquiring a geographical sense, embodied in the borders, as well as consumer, characterized by special way of life and way of life, worldview.
In Russian, the term "province" appeared afteradministrative reforms undertaken by Peter I in 1699. Then, at the time of formation of the tax system, to facilitate the collection of state taxes and fees, it was decided to divide the territory of Russia in the 11 provinces and 49 provinces have replaced the former division into districts. As a unit of the administrative-territorial division of the province lasted until 1780, but this word has continued to be actively used in the Russian language has to refer to a cultural and social phenomenon.
Meaning of the word "province"
In his Dictionary of B. Dahl gives a definition of the word as a territory - province, district, county, and as life outside the capital, provincial - are residents of the provincial areas. Explanatory Dictionary of authorship S. Ozhegova also defines the province as a territory, not just remote from the capital, but also from any other large industrial center.
Gradually, the word appeared as the officialterm, has become one of the most frequently used in everyday life, scientific, political, literary, artistic, journalistic everyday life. If we look at it from the position of dualism, the word companion for the word "capital", it is the opposite in meaning. Those. creativity and vitality, typical of the capitals and large cities, are opposed to stagnation and conservatism of the province. But this word is not dirty, it does not contain a negative sense, because provincialism means and loyalty to tradition, rhythm, lack of hustle and bustle, the intimacy and unspoiled.