Those who were lucky enough to visit for theaterthe scenes, it is known that the brilliance and luxury, which is demonstrated on the stage, near looks far less dazzling. Naturally, even the richest theater can not afford a real diamond necklaces and expensive furniture to represent.
We have to do a sham.
The word "props" appeared in Italy forrefer to props and scenery. The direct translation means "fake", but the more true in the sense of the concept is synonymous with "fake". On stage, there are many things that look like the real thing, but not being such.
Props necessary not only for costprops, though, of course, this aspect is important. Fake items can be significantly lighter, stronger, or, on the contrary, fragile than their real prototypes, depending on the specific requirements of a particular performance. For example, much of theater furniture is decorated only on the side facing the viewer, in addition, many objects have sham excessive expressiveness, which is why, as a rule, look ridiculously close, but look perfect from the auditorium.
Almost every theater has its fakeshop, providing the appropriate props performances. The employees of this department are literally 'masters of all trades ", because of their required skills sculptors, turners, rukodelnikov, carpenters, cutters, painters, jewelers. variety of materials used for the manufacture of props: metal, wood, cloth, composite materials, various synthetics. For example, one of the most popular materials are actively used so far - the usual papier-mache, ie, the sized paper.
Do not assume that prop produce"Disposable things." On the contrary, many of the props items made obviously more durable than their real counterparts. It is necessary that the same set of props you can use throughout the theater season, rather than creating a new set for each submission.
Not only on stage
Up to a certain point sham subjectsused exclusively for the needs of the scene, but in the XX century, they found less peaceful use. For example, during World War II hand actively using fake copies of military equipment, tanks, fortifications. This was done to mislead enemy intelligence. aircraft used for intelligence gathering, and from a height of several hundred meters to take dummy tank for real fighting machine was easy. In today's world, too, props can be seen not only in the theater. For example, plastic apples in baskets for fruit or dummy surveillance cameras are a classic example of props.