The notion of "dithyramb" came to the modern world from distant Ancient Greece, when still people worshiped the gods.
Of course, the meaning of the word has already managed to undergo some changes, but in order to better understand what meaning is embedded in the concept, it is necessary to return to the origins.
Ancient Greek Rites
The cult of the god Dionysus, the patron saint of wine and merriment,Appeared with the spread of grape in ancient Greece. The Greeks at the end of the harvest, arranged a big holiday, accompanied by wine, fun and orgies. At such "events", where not all were allowed, songs were sung in honor of Dionysus, scenes were played and sacrifices were made to God. In the understanding of the Greeks, all this was done solely in order to appease the deity and get a good harvest of grapes for the next year.
Grateful songs that were performed in disguiseSatires, and were called dithyrambs. Dithyrambs, in the end, became the basis for the development of the Greek tragedy. Also appeared the eponymous genre of literature, close to the modern understanding of ode.
Entered into poetry is the genre of dithyramba musician poetArion in the 7th century BC. Since his work, in practice, is not separable from music, the dithyramb at that time remained for the most part a musical piece. In the 5th century BC. Dithyramb begins to acquire a dramatic image. The poet Bacchilides writes a similar work in the form of a dialogue, which is accompanied by accompaniment and choral singing between the parts.
Dithyrambs in the Renaissance
In the Renaissance, when art workers sought to revive the samples of ancient culture, the genre of dithyramba was no exception in this process.
Especially the Italians made striking attempts. For example, the poet and priest Girolamo Baruffaldi wrote the work "Triumph of Bacchus", where the author praises the protagonist, overly describing his virtues.
Less noticeable works in the genre of praiseGerman poets, gravitating towards anacreonics - love, playful poetry about a carefree life, the parent of which is the ancient Greek poet Anacreon. Not surprisingly, the Italians had the most successful experience in reviving the praises. As you know, it was here that the first opera was born named "Daphne", which also originated from the dithyrambs, too. Because the genre of dithyrambe combined a musical and theatrical beginning.
Dithyrambs in the Modern Understanding
The times of Ancient Greece and the Renaissance have long since passed, and the notion of "praise" still remains. The expression "to praise praises" is especially well known.
In the modern sense, the word "dithyramb"Has retained its former connotation - these are all the same praises, the purpose of which is to obtain benefits. But to praise is now not the god Dionysus, but an ordinary man, from whom they want to receive something. Thus, excessive, self-serving praise in someone's address is called dithyramb.