Pleurisy is an inflammation of the pleural area, which can occur during colds or infectious respiratory disease.
Symptoms of the disease are due to large amounts of fluid accumulation in the pleural cavity surrounding each lung.
Symptoms of the disease and the emergence of
Pleurisy often formed bya bacterial or viral infection. Often there are cases where pleurisy could be formed as a result of fungal or parasitic infection. Most often the disease develops in patients with tuberculosis, lung abscess or abscess. Also, it pleuritis caused by malignant tumors (lung cancer, sarcoma or lymphoma), systemic diseases (lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, Sjogren's syndrome and granulomatosis). A common cause of pleurisy are chest injuries, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (eg, pancreatitis or liver abscess), renal failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary infarction. Some medications also can cause the condition, which become the cause of excessive accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity.
Pleurisy is clearly marked symptoms amongwhere there is an increase in body temperature, the appearance of general weakness, severe headaches, pain in the chest. Often pleurisy can be expressed pains in muscles and joints. Acute pain can be felt in the commission of a deep breath, when bending the body to the side (away from the lesion) and during coughing. On examination, there is also shallow breathing, the noise in the pleura and the lag in breathing the affected side of the pleural cavity.
Diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis of "pleural effusion" is placed on the basis of X-ray, computed tomography, ultrasonography, pleural puncture, thoracoscopy. Sometimes the blood is taken on the biochemistry and general analysis.
For treating pleurisy eliminate diseasethat it causes. For example, in the case of infection by a physician is required to cure the cause itself, after which the liquid ceases to accumulate and lungs will function normally. Thus in the treatment of pleurisy resulting from pneumonia, antibiotics are appointed, and the presence of tuberculosis patients to prescribe drugs for tuberculosis. anti-inflammatory drugs ( "Ibuprofen" "Paracetamol") assigned to reduce inflammation. Sometimes steroids are assigned ( "prednisone"). To relieve cough cough medicines are assigned ( "Libeksin", "Codeine"). For removing fluid from the pleural prescribe diuretics ( "Furosemide" "spironolactone"). In some cases resort to pleurocentesis.
If you suspect pleurisy and disorder of the respiratory system is necessary to turn to the doctor as soon as possible.