Steppe plains are located in temperate latitudesRussia, near the Caucasus, the Black Sea, as well as in the valley of the Ob River. steppe zone is different enough dry soil, but because it can grow on far not all plants.
For example, the natural forests on a territory almost do not grow - for them there simply is not enough moisture.
Features steppe vegetation
On the territory of the steppes, there is only enoughspecific grasses. Very rarely, in the steppe expanses of forested areas are found, and even then only where soil moisture is retained due to the accumulation of snow cover. At present almost everywhere in the steppe Russian natural cover is replaced by artificial vegetation: large areas plowed steppes and became farmland.
Traditional steppe vegetation upherbaceous plants, which are relatively wide variety. Some plant species are found exclusively in the steppe zone, while others have many experts are not regarded as indigenous inhabitants of the steppes, as can be seen in the forests and meadows.
The main feature of steppe plants isthat they resistant to arid climate and a long period of time there may be with a deficit of moisture. Colouring typical grassy steppe vegetation, usually grayish or grayish-green. Small and narrow leaves are well adapted to local conditions, having the ability to fold in dry weather.
The main types of steppe plants
Perhaps the most common in the steppe grass -feather grass. It occurs even in the northern regions of the steppe zone, although they occupy a small place among the abundant grasses and bright. There are several species of feather grass steppe, for example, narrow-leaved and feathery. For the Russian steppes typical feather narrow leaf blade.
It can be found in the steppes and those grains thatusually grow in meadows, such as timothy grass and Kentucky bluegrass. Often among the feather survives clover, buttercup, sverbigi and other plants, more relevant in the meadow area. But such inclusions are possible only in the steppe areas, where rainfall is characterized by a high level. Most often it is the northern mixed grass steppes, similar in its composition to the vegetable meadows.
A special group of plants in the steppes are thosethat have economic value: wheat, barley, rye, oats, corn, sugar beets. This may also include feed crops, which are the basis for pasture. It is important for human activity growing in the steppes of honey plants and herbs. The latter include chamomile, thyme, licorice and immortelle sandy.