Fashionable recently hobby - soap making - a very pleasant process that will give not only a lot of emotions, but also, as a result, an incredibly beautiful, fragrant, useful and exclusive soap.
Ways of making soap with their own hands
There is a huge number of a variety of ways to prepare soap at home, but the difference between them in the use of a variety of dyes and additives.
The first method is cooking from a ready-made soap manufactured in an industrial way. For a basis it is necessary to take a piece of soap without aromatic additives, it is best for this purpose suitable baby.
The second is cooking from the soap base. On sale there are 2 types of such bases: glycerin and a base of palm or coconut oil. The first - transparent, the second - matte.
The third method is the most time-consuming, since it isSelf-made soap base. For cooking soap, fats of plants and animals will be needed, caustic soda is added to them in a certain proportion. This process is quite unpleasant, therefore it is recommended to cook soap for home soap using the first 2 methods.
Stages of cooking from the prepared soap and from the soap baseApproximately the same. First you need to grind the substrate. For this, it is cut into pieces or tinder on a large grater. Then the soap base or baby soap must be melted in a water bath. Pour the water into a saucepan. Put the chopped soap in a deep bowl and put it in a pot of water. Heat the mass, constantly stirring clockwise, until the soap melts and turns into a liquid mass. It is important not to bring soapy liquid to a boil, otherwise the product will dry up.
Instead of a water bath, a soap base can be melt in a microwave oven.
How to paint soap in the desired color
Soap coloring is a very significant stage, because it is the appearance of the product that immediately attracts attention. For this, you can use both artificial and natural dyes.
As flavors use specialEssences for soap making, honey, vanilla, cinnamon, coffee, a variety of essential oils or your favorite perfume. Note that some essences can paint a soap base.
However, it should be noted that many artificialDyes can dye the skin when you wash, besides they are often allergens. Therefore it is much more useful to use natural soap for coloring.
Color soap in pink color can beetJuice. Rub the beetroot on a small grater and squeeze the juice through the gauze. Add a few drops to the prepared mass and mix, if you pour more juice, then the color will turn out to be more saturated, but do not overdo it, as the beet can also dye the skin.
Pink clay will give soap a reddish-brown tinge. Violet or purple color adds carcade welding.
Green soap is obtained by addingThe basis of a grated cucumber or spinach puree, with the shade in the first case bright and juicy, and in the second light green. An olive shade of soap gives henna powder, and if you use a large proportion, you can get a saturated gray-green and even brown color.
In addition to henna, to obtain a brown color, you canUse cinnamon, cocoa powder or coffee grounds, or chop the dogrose into a coffee grinder and add it to the melted base. Dried and shredded berries will give a pleasant light brown color to your soap.
Strange as it may seem at firstLook, but chamomile essential oil can color the soap in blue, if you increase its concentration, you can achieve a blue tint. You can get a soap of beige color if you add a couple of spoons of ordinary milk.