The highest mountain system in Russia is the Greater Caucasus, lying between the Black and Caspian seas. Usually, when people talk about the Caucasus mountains, they are combined with the Small Caucasus.
The highest mountain in Russia - Elbrus - is also located in the Great Caucasus system.
The majestic mountains of the Greater Caucasus stretchedmore than 1150km. They begin in Anapa district and ends at the Caspian Sea coast. The width of the mountain range in various areas ranging from 32 km to 180 km. As this chain is very long, it is further divided into West, Central and East Caucasus.
Very high, these mountains with their snowy shinepeaks throughout the year. Glaciers in the Greater Caucasus, the system does not melt even in the hottest summer. In total there are more than two thousand glaciers, most of them falls on the Central Caucasus, where concentrated the highest peaks, including Mount Elbrus.
The flora and fauna in the mountains of the GreaterCaucasus is very diverse. Significant, and sometimes quite sharp differences in height allows a relatively small area adjoin the flora and fauna of very different climatic zones.
Unfortunately, hiking in the mountains of the Caucasus sometimes hampered by the fact that the Greater Caucasus Mountains are Russia's border with Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Elbrus - the highest mountain in Russia
The height of Elbrus 5642m. This is the highest point, not only in Russia but also in Europe. Local call this mountain "Endless Mountain wisdom and consciousness." According to research scientists, Elbrus was once a volcano, but long since extinct, and now all covered with an impressive layer of ice. However, the presence of mineral sources not far from Elbrus unequivocal evidence of its past.
Elbrus mountain is also called Biceps, sinceIt has two peaks, and both of them are extinct volcanoes. Eastern peak, which is the height of 5621m, younger, and her bowl of volcano is still very clearly visible. The western part of the ancient. The distance between the two peaks is approximately one and a half kilometers.
mountain was first conquered in 1829, whenElbrus went to a team led by General Emanuel. Today, the area is one of the Elbrus ski tourism centers around him is a lot of trails for skiing.
A large part of the slopes of Elbrus is flat, butthe closer to the top, the steeper the mountain becomes. After overcoming a height of 4000 m. The slope of the mountain, on average, is 35 degrees! From the north and west are located steep slopes.
Those who decided to climb Mount Elbrus, must beready for the constant stress associated with a fairly sharp climb. All this not only leads to hypoxia, but also so-called "gornyashka" - mountain sickness. To cope with it, the expedition spent on the ascent longer than is necessary for the ascent of the relaxing and akklimatiziruyas to the high-altitude conditions.