Isaac Newton, James Maxwell, Michael Faraday, Ernest Rutherford, John Dalton - this is only part of all the names of outstanding British physicists.
Their contribution to science is invaluable, they discovered many fundamental physical laws, explained many phenomena, made remarkable inventions based on their experiences.
It is difficult to choose the most significant of them, but the most famous ones are Newton, Rutherford and, of course, modern physicist Stephen Hawking.
Isaac Newton - the founder of the classicalMechanics, known throughout the world thanks to the popular legend of a fallen apple. This English physicist became the author of a number of large physical laws: he discovered and described the laws of universal gravitation, mechanics, physical optics. Newton worked on the theory of light, studied integral and differential calculus, and dealt with other unresolved problems in science.
Newton can not be called the ancestorModern physics, but it was he who combined the results of the works of the preceding scientists - Galileo, Kepler, Descartes - and created a single, universal system of the world. For example, he found the relationship between the Keplerian laws of planetary motion and the law of gravitation.
Being a versatile and inquisitive person,Newton also studied chemistry, philosophy and theology. Surprisingly, this English physicist was a believer, and his mind perfectly combined physical laws and biblical statements.
Rutherford can be called the founder of nuclearPhysics: it was he who first created the model of the atom. Despite the fact that this English scientist received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, he made an invaluable contribution to modern physical science. Using an experiment in which he scattered alpha particles, Rutherford was able to prove that atoms have a positively charged core.
Rutherford discovered alpha and beta radiation,Studied the radioactivity of thorium and uranium, discovered the transmutation of elements and, based on his observations, wrote three main works: "Radioactivity", "Radioactive Transformations" and "Radiation of Radioactive Substances".
Stephen Hawking - the most famous English physicistAmong modern scientists. This person, despite the serious illness that led to almost complete paralysis and loss of speech, leads a very active life, including research. His main areas of interest are quantum gravity and cosmology. Hawking is known for being able to apply the laws of thermodynamics to the description of black holes. He discovered the so-called Hawking radiation, which leads to the "evaporation" of black holes.
Stephen Hawking is a famous popularizer in physics. His book "A Brief History of Time" has become very popular among people not related to science. Then followed his other works, including popular science films.