Isaac Newton, James Maxwell, Michael Faraday, Ernest Rutherford, John Dalton - is only part of all the names of prominent British physicists.
Their invaluable contribution to science, they discovered many of the fundamental laws of physics, we explained the set of phenomena that make a wonderful invention, based on their experiences.
It is difficult to choose the most important of them, but the most famous may be called Newton, Rutherford, and, of course, the modern physicist Stephen Hawking.
Isaac Newton - the founder of the classicalMechanics, known throughout the world thanks to the popular legend of a fallen apple. This British physicist was the author of a number of major laws of physics: he discovered and described the laws of gravity, mechanics, physical optics. Newton worked on the theory of light, studied the integral and differential calculus, and engaged in other unsolved problems in science.
Newton can not be called the ancestormodern physics, but it was he who united the works of scholars who preceded him - Galileo, Kepler, Descartes - and created a unified, universal system of the world. For example, he found the relationship of Kepler's laws of planetary motion and the law of gravitation.
Being versatile and inquisitive man,Newton also studied chemistry, philosophy and theology. Surprisingly, this English physicist was a believer, and in his mind perfectly match the physical laws and the biblical assertion.
Rutherford may be called the founder of the NuclearPhysics: it was he who created the first model of the atom. Despite the fact that the English scientist won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, he made an invaluable contribution to modern physical science. With the help of an experiment in which it is scattered alpha particles, Rutherford was able to prove that atoms are positively charged nucleus.
Rutherford discovered alpha and beta radiation,I examined the radioactivity of thorium and uranium, discovered the transmutation of elements, and the results of their observations written three major labor: "Radioactivity", "Radioactive transformations" and "Emissions of radioactive substances."
Stephen Hawking - the most famous British physicistamong contemporary scholars. This man, in spite of serious illness, which led to almost complete paralysis and loss of speech, leading a very active life, including research. His main areas of interest - is quantum gravity and cosmology. Hawking is known for having managed to apply the laws of thermodynamics to describe black holes. He opened the so-called Hawking radiation, which leads to the "evaporation" of black holes.
Stephen Hawking - a well-known popularizer of physics. His book "A Brief History of Time" became widespread among people who are not related to science. This was followed by other works, including popular science films.