Disputes about the reliability of Japanese and GermanCars have not ceased for several decades - since in the 80s, automakers from the Land of the Rising Sun have not released to the world market many high-quality and low-cost models.
Since then, German and Japanese engineers have invested a lot in the reliability of their cars.
Reliability is a property of the car forLong time to store the values of all parameters in different modes and operating conditions. The reliability of the car is closely related to the inadmissibility of failures in work, with a resource, maintainability and endurance.
The legend about the reliability of German carsIs rooted in the seventies, when Mercedes Benz and Volkswagen headed lists of ratings for indices of initial quality and long-term reliability tests - tests that were conducted regularly in Europe. Of course, in these tests, mainly European and American cars took part. Japan then had a reputation as a producer of low-quality goods.
In the 70's and 80's, German cars had a well-deservedReputation of the most reliable in the world. But, with the advent of the 90's, managers calculated that the average consumer buys a new car for 5-10 years. And after this period, the reliability of the car by 80% depends on how it was operated and maintained, and only 20% of the original quality. And they concluded: cars "for ages" are no longer needed.
Moreover, the hobby of advanced electronicSystems - multi-stage turbocharging, robotic gearboxes, integrated systems of active and passive safety - complicated the design of the car, which could not negatively affect reliability. In addition, the operation of such complex devices has a number of nuances, of which most Russian car owners are unaware. As a result, improper operation leads to a quick breakdown and costly repairs.
And further. In pursuit of a price reduction, many German automakers are ordering parts in China, Turkey or other countries with cheap labor. For example, Volkswagen's budget cars are 50-80% composed of assemblies assembled by the Chinese.
Apart from the rest is Porsche. These cars consistently occupy the highest lines of reliability ratings. But the prices for them are prohibitive.
In the seventies, having a reputation for producersLow-quality machines, Japanese engineers have worked hard on the reliability of their cars and by the beginning of the 90s, the Germans were attacking the heels. Currently, individual models of Japanese cars occupy the top lines of reliability ratings on a par with the German.
Reputation of ultra-reliable Japanese carsReceived and for the fact that imported from Japan, right-handed copies of 20-year-olds still run around the vast expanses of our country. Partly this is due to the excellent conditions of operation and maintenance of these machines at home. In part, the fact that the car assembled in Japan is better than collected in China, in Taiwan or in Vietnam.
As well as Porsche, it stands out with the quality of Lexus, not inferior in terms of reliability to its German competitor. However, Lexus cars are still more affordable than Porsche supercars.
It is pointless to compare the reliability of Japanese andGerman cars combined. You need to compare cars. Both Toyota and Mercedes Benz had successful and unsuccessful models. And the comparison should take place in its categories.
This is exactly what various agencies do,Automobile magazines, annually making ratings of reliability of various cars. As a rule, the Germans and the Japanese are leading. They are catching up with the Koreans. But at the end of such a list one can see one of the "unsuccessful" German or Japanese models.